Why is the top layer of my lasagna hard?

In this short guide, we are going to answer the question “Why is the top layer of my lasagna hard?”.  In addition, we will discuss how to get a perfect lasagna. Finally, we will discuss how to prevent lasagna from drying out.

Why is the top layer of my lasagna hard?

The top layer of your lasagna is hard because it is in direct contact with the heat. Thus, moisture is removed first from this layer, causing it to harden. The cooking time of a lasagna is not enough for the whole lasagna to be hard. However, if you leave it in the oven, the inside of the dough will start to get tough too. 

This event is the result of the drying of the dough due to the action of the heat submitted to the food. So it’s important to monitor your lasagna as you bake it. There are factors to be controlled to obtain a final product with pleasant characteristics. 

One of them is the temperature, the higher the temperature, the more dry the lasagna crust will be. Another factor is time. Over time you will become more and more experienced and will never miss the point again.

Also, if you make the top of the lasagna wetter, the drying will be less, as you won’t have time to dry all the liquid while the lasagna finishes cooking. To make the dough more wet, you can use the sauce used in the filling or just tomato sauce.

How to get a perfect lasagna?

Use fresh or dried lasagna noodles. They must not be pre-cooked. The only care to take if you opt for dry lasagna is to provide a plentiful sauce that is liquid enough for the pasta to cook in. Always start with a layer of tomato sauce or béchamel sauce at the bottom of the plate. Do not cook the dry lasagna, it will be very hard.

If you choose to add vegetables, sauté them before adding them to the lasagna. That way, they will have a more enhanced flavor and will finish cooking along with the pasta. But if you are going to add fish, you can add raw to the sauce, as the cooking time is short and if it stays too long it can dry out. 

If making meat sauce, choose a good quality mincemeat, preferably not frozen. Brown the meat, letting all the liquid evaporate before adding the other sauce ingredients. You can choose another ground meat for a change.

But if you like the last layer of lasagna harder, read here for tips on how to make it happen.

How to prevent lasagna from drying out?

To prevent the lasagna from drying out, do not use too thick sauce, grease the pan with more butter, use medium temperatures and replace the sauce while it is baking. If there is a dish that everyone loves and that is very popular among the family, it is lasagna. 

However, many people have doubts about the preparation, since it is very common for it to end up drying out.

With that in mind, we’ve put together tips that will make your lasagna on point and always juicy.

It doesn’t matter if you use red, white or rose. It should always be made with a little more water, that is, it cannot be too thick, because when it takes to the oven it ends up thickening too much and leaving the lasagna dry.

in the assembly

Always grease the pan with a lot of butter, cover the baking sheet with sauce before placing the dough and always put sauce on top of each assembled layer.

Always bake in a preheated oven at medium temperature and leave it there until it is ready, if the oven is at a very high temperature it can burn and stick to the base and be raw in the middle and on top, in addition to making the sauce dry faster.

Drizzle the lasagna

Always leave extra sauce in the pan in case you baste the pasta as it bakes, this way you ensure the dish is moist.

Bake it always with aluminum foil

Always keep the lasagna covered during cooking, until it is done, only after it is ready remove the aluminum foil to brown the cheese and brown the top.

Now that you know how to make a juicy lasagna, do not waste time and make your own. Enjoy it a lot.


In this short guide, we answered the question “Why is the top layer of my lasagna hard?”. In addition, we discussed how to get a perfect lasagna. Finally, we discussed how to prevent lasagna from drying out.



Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.