Where do carrots originate from?

In this brief article, we will provide you with the answer to the question: “Where do carrots originate from?”, and talk about the types of carrots and their health benefits. 

Where do carrots originate from?

Carrots probably originate from Afghanistan. The early reports of the vegetable refer to the region around Afghanistan, in Central Asia, as the carrot’s origin. 

The roots of oriental kinds were purple, crimson, or yellow two thousand years ago. The carrot spread over Arabia and North Africa, eventually reaching the Iberian Peninsula in the 10th century. 

Over time in Europe, selection gave rise to white and orange types, which were distant ancestors of the contemporary carrot. 

The carrot, as we know it now, first emerged in the 16th century. Farmers in the Netherlands crossed numerous types to create an orange variety, the hue of the country’s royal family. Consumed around 3,000 years ago in Egypt and Palestine, it was brought to other regions of Europe by the Romans.

The carrot’s genetic improvement most likely began with its domestication some 1100 years ago. Domesticated carrots have a vast variation, implying that wild carrot genetics has been mixed with domesticated carrot germplasm.

What are the types of carrots?

Purple carrot

It contains anthocyanin, an antioxidant that gives the dish a purple hue, offers a number of health advantages, including boosting the cardiovascular system, optimizing blood flow, lowering bad cholesterol, and lowering the quantity of sugar in the blood, which is ideal for those with diabetes. It is particularly ideal for the menu of individuals who wish to eat healthily to lose weight since it is low in calories and aids digestion.

Yellow carrot

It has a sweeter flavor than other types of vegetables. Because it includes the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, it has skin and eye health advantages such as protecting the eye macula and preventing major issues such as cataracts. 

White carrot

The white carrot, according to studies, is the rarest of the five various hues of the vegetable. One of its most significant advantages is the inclusion of flavonoids in its composition, which are molecules that react directly with free radicals to prevent premature cell aging, as well as having anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties.

Red carrot

Red carrots include two antioxidants: anthocyanin, which is also found in purple carrots, and carotenoids, which are responsible for their crimson color. One of the key benefits of this combination is that it helps to prevent illnesses caused by the activity of free radicals (such as cancer), as well as helping to regulate the immune system.

Imperator 

This type of carrot has very long roots that may grow up to 10 inches long, have high sugar content, and are great for fresh eating. These carrots must be cultivated in very loose, deep soil in order to attain their full potential. 

These are just some of the types of carrots. There are about 40 different types! Which one has a unique flavor and health benefits in your opinion? 

What are the health benefits of carrots consumption?

Carrot is a root that is high in carotenoids, potassium, fiber, and antioxidants, all of which have several health advantages. Aside from enhancing eye health, it also aids in the prevention of premature aging, the improvement of the immune system, and the prevention of some forms of cancer.

It comes in a variety of hues, including yellow, orange, purple, red, and white, and can be eaten raw, boiled, or juiced. 

The main difference between them is in their composition: the orange is the most common and is rich in alpha and beta carotenes, which are responsible for the production of vitamin A, whereas the yellow ones have a higher concentration of lutein, the purple ones are rich in lycopene, a powerful antioxidant, and the red ones are rich in anthocyanins.

Carrots are high in soluble and insoluble fibers including pectin, cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose, which aid with constipation by increasing the number of stools, reducing intestinal transit, and stimulating the growth of beneficial bacteria in the colon.

Because it contains antioxidants like vitamin A and polyphenols, it protects cells from free radical damage, avoiding not just premature aging but also lowering the risk of lung, breast, and stomach cancer. It also contains falcarinol, which has been shown to reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Carrots can help you retain your tan longer in the summer because beta-carotenes and lutein enhance skin pigmentation, which favors natural tanning. Furthermore, beta-carotene can protect against UV rays, but its effectiveness is dependent on the amount consumed before sun exposure.

Other FAQs about Carrots that you may be interested in.

Why do we peel carrots?

Can you boil carrots for baby

Can you boil carrots

Conclusion

In this brief article, we provided you with the answer to the question: “Where do carrots originate from?”, and talked about the types of carrots and their health benefits. 

References

Tua Saúde. “7 benefícios da cenoura (com receitas saudáveis)”. Acessado 10 de fevereiro de 2022. https://www.tuasaude.com/beneficios-da-cenoura/.

“The Different Types of Carrots, Explained for Home Gardeners | Sow True Seed”. Acessado 10 de fevereiro de 2022. https://sowtrueseed.com/blogs/gardening/types-of-carrots.

“A história da cenoura”. Acessado 10 de fevereiro de 2022. https://www.embrapa.br/busca-de-noticias/-/noticia/49845405/a-historia-da-cenoura.

“Qual é a origem da cenoura?” Acessado 10 de fevereiro de 2022. https://treinamento24.com/library/lecture/read/543767-qual-e-a-origem-da-cenoura.

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.