When was cow’s milk invented?

In this brief article, we will provide you with the answer to the question: “When was cow’s milk invented?”, and discuss the types of cow’s milk.

When was cow’s milk invented?

Cow’s milk was not invented but discovered since it is naturally produced by cows. The first direct evidence of milk intake dates back to the Neolithic period, around 6000 years ago. The cow was the first domesticated animal, followed by the goat at the same period, and lastly the sheep between 9000 and 8000 before Christ.

Around 3500 BC, the Egyptians, like other tribes and civilizations, employed the drink for sacred purposes. The cow was revered and dedicated to the gods of the temples. Its reputation was such that numerous great philosophers and intellectuals, including Aristotle and Herodotus, cited it in their writings.

Curiosity: The cow is regarded as a sacred gift by the Vedic civilization (India), Hindu mythology, and the Greeks. 

What are the types of cow’s milk?

Some of the common types of cow’s milk are mentioned below.

Whole milk

Whole milk is the name given to cow’s milk that has not been processed to remove fat and is thus ingested with the majority of its natural nutritious properties.

This is the most popular type of milk in the world, and hence one of the most well-known. They are often sold following a pasteurization procedure, which helps to provide a longer shelf life and safety while ingesting this item.

Whole milk has a high-fat content, which is normal for this type of food and influences other nutritional aspects of the product, such as its concentration of fat-soluble vitamins A, K, and those of the B complex. This kind of milk also has a high concentration of proteins and calcium, making it a crucial meal for our health. Its flavor is distinctive and powerful.

2% milk (reduced fat)

Reduced-fat milk is labeled as 2 percent milk, which implies that the milk fat content is 2% of the total weight of the milk. 

Low-fat milk

The quantity of fat in each serving is what distinguishes low-fat milk from whole milk. This is also reflected in the calories for each. 

Because the reduction in fat concentration has no effect on the quantity of protein and calcium contained in a glass of milk, this is a form of this product that is highly desired by individuals who wish to limit their calorie consumption.

Despite the decreased calorie content, this form of milk may have a lesser concentration of fat-soluble vitamins than its whole version, which must be replenished with other foods from your regular diet.

Skim milk

Skimmed milk is cow’s milk that has had all of the fats removed from it, making it the least calorie of them.

One of the benefits of this type of milk is the reduced calorie content while maintaining the volume of calcium and proteins in the diet. However, for persons accustomed to drinking full milk, the flavor and scent of skimmed milk may be missing, as fat plays an essential part in these dietary aspects.

Organic milk

Organic milk is made without the use of pesticides or chemical fertilizers in animal feed, which benefits the environment. 

Organic milk, although having the same chemical components as regular milk, is only sourced from certified farms. As a result, there is a guarantee that it contains no chemical residues of any type, including pesticides and pharmaceuticals.

Dairy cattle are largely fed organic nutrients. Mineral and vitamin supplements cannot include contaminating residues that exceed the legal limits.

Furthermore, organic milk-producing animals cannot be grown in an exclusive confinement environment. 

They must have access to water in quantity and quality, and to pasture areas with sufficient tree vegetation to provide shade for the animals. The system must primarily ensure animal health and welfare at all stages of the production process.

Lactose-free milk

Lactose-free milk is made from actual cow’s milk, just like the other varieties of milk, with one exception. Lactose, the natural sugar found in milk, has been broken down. This makes it an excellent choice for folks who are lactose intolerant. It nevertheless includes the same critical elements as other varieties of milk, such as calcium, protein, and vitamin D.


In this brief article, we provided you with the answer to the question: “When was cow’s milk invented?”, and discussed the types of cow’s milk.


“The Origins of Milk: Why Was the First Cow Milked in the First Place? | by Lana Valente | Medium”. Acessado 6 de fevereiro de 2022. https://medium.com/@lanavalente/the-origins-of-milk-why-did-the-first-cow-milker-milk-the-cow-c41e8ef761d6.

Mediavilla, Daniel. “Como começamos a beber leite?” El País Brasil, 21 de setembro de 2015. https://brasil.elpais.com/brasil/2015/09/20/ciencia/1442747482_528167.html.

“Leite”. In Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre, 8 de dezembro de 2021. https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leite&oldid=62563163.

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.