In this brief article, we are going to answer the question “when was corn introduced to europe?”. We will also discuss how many varieties of corn exist and what climate and soil are best for corn. In the end, we will understand how to harvest corn.
When was corn introduced to europe?
Corn was introduced to Europe by Columbus in 1493 when he brought it back from the Caribbean. It was then first cultivated in Europe in 1494, but this had only a limited amount of success in Europe. After that Europeans hybridized the corn and successfully yielded major corn crops.
It wasn’t until it was hybridized that its yield rose, and even then it wasn’t very profitable. While corn is a staple diet in impoverished nations where it is grown, it is mostly utilized as animal feed in developed ones.
Corn was originally farmed in places with subtropical or tropical climates, but the introduction of hybrid varieties quickly allowed it to be planted almost everywhere around the globe.
In Europe, corn is planted between April and May. It sprouts and blooms in July and August. Kernels of corn develop after pollination, and they continue to mature until October.
When kernels become yellow and have a black dot at the base, corn is harvested. For ideal storage conditions, corn demands a dry atmosphere.
Due to the high nitrogen needed for corn, it is not advised to cultivate two consecutive corn harvests on the same plot of land. It’s best to plant it after a low-nitrogen crop such as legumes, potatoes, or spelt. Corn also takes a lot of water to irrigate the land.
How many varieties of corn exist?
More than two hundred distinct kinds of corn may be found in various parts of the globe. The plants range in height from 40 centimeters to 6 meters, and the ears may be anywhere from 5 to 45 centimeters in length.
The kernels also come in a variety of colors. Corns have hefty seeds that naturally do not disperse well. An interesting statistic is that one hectare of corn generates around four times as much oxygen as one hectare of woodland.
Harvesting time is determined by the corn’s intended usage. In harvesting, the plant is broken down and stored in piles before being offered for sale as feed for animals.
Aside from eating, corn is used to create packaging such as biodegradable plastics, as well as in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
What climate and soil are best for corn?
Growing corn successfully calls for soils that are rich in nutrients, are relatively deep, and have good drainage. However, it may be cultivated in every sort of soil, from deep, heavy clay to light, sandy soils, and everything in between.
Corn plants, especially seedlings, are very sensitive to salt and water. As a result, adequate drainage is required for the effective growth of this crop. Sandier soils drain well but hold less water than heavier soils, which also drain poorly but retain more water.
As a result, soils that are appropriate for corm production should have enough water holding capacity as well as efficient drainage.
Maize is mostly a warm-season crop. It is cultivated in a wide variety of climates all over the globe, ranging from subtropical to temperate zones, depending on the place in which it is to be found.
How to harvest corn?
The look of the plant might be deceiving, especially in the case of high-producing hybrids and composites with dried grains but still green stalks and leaves. Before cutting the corn plant the ears should be removed. The standing crop’s ears are removed.
Before shelling, harvested ears are sun-dried. In the event of late-sown crops, growers prefer to pick the whole plant and pile it, with the ears removed afterward. Maize stalks are utilized as cow fodder or as a source of energy.
Early-harvested corn for fodder yields less and has less protein. Corn shellers, both power and hand-operated, are available locally at affordable prices. Hand shelling or pounding with sticks is much less effective than using one of these shellers.
Although it may conserve seeds from hybrids and open-pollinated species when it is cultivated in isolation, it is not ideal.
The corn yield shows a lot of variety. The quantity of fertilizer used, the type, and the rainfall pattern, among other factors, influence yield levels. The crop quantity is dependent on several factors, not only the type of corn that you used.
Other FAQs about Corn that you may be interested in.
In this brief article, we answered the question “when was corn introduced to europe?”. We discussed how many varieties of corn exist and what climate and soil are best for corn. In the end, we understand how to harvest corn.