What type of rice for sushi? (3 types of rice)

In this brief guide, we will answer the question “What type of rice for sushi?”, discuss how sushi rice is different from others and how to make perfect sushi rice.

What type of rice for sushi?

The type of rice for sushi is Japanese short-grain rice with varieties:

  • Sasanishiki
  • Koshihikari
  • Hatsushimo

What is sushi rice?

Sushi rice is Japanese short-grain rice that is seasoned with a mixture of rice vinegar, sugar, and salt. In sushi steamed rice, each grain of rice retains its original shape but these grains magically stick together in such a way that they do not seem to be gluey or gummy.

What is the history of sushi rice?

The word sushi is obtained by contracting two words, “su” and “meshi”, which stand for “vinegar” and “rice” respectively. The earliest used form of sushi is named narezushi, which was prepared by burying the salted fish in cooked rice and then allowed to ferment.

The next used form of sushi was named oshizushi, which was prepared by salted and vinegared fish that was pressed onto a bed of sushi rice using a wooden mold.

The form of sushi used these days is named nigiri sushi, which is prepared by toping small balls of sushi rice with fresh fish without curing it first.

How is sushi rice different?

Sushi rice has a higher ratio of amylopectin to amylose. This ratio helps them to be sticky and soft even after cooling. The sticky texture and the sugar and vinegar flavor helps to hold the shape of the roll, and the flavors complement the filling or topping.

On the other hand, other rice varieties have a relatively high ratio of amylose to amylopectin due to which they get hard as they are cooled and give a dry fluffy texture.

What are the nutritional facts of sushi rice?

Sushi rice is a good source of several nutrients (112.2 calories per 15 servings) including proteins, carbohydrates, and vitamins. The amount of these nutrients is given as:

Sr.# Ingredients AmountPercentage 
1.Protein 1.7g3%
2.Carbohydrates 23.5g8%
3.Dietary fiber0.7g3%
4.Fat 1g2%
5.Saturated fat0.2g1%
6.Niacin equivalent0.9mg7%
7.Folate 1.7mcg
8.Calcium 4.3mg

What are the requirements of sushi rice?

For making sushi rice, you will require:

  • Japanese short-grain rice
  • Japanese vinegar
  • Sugar
  • Salt 
  • Oil
  • Water 

How to prepare seasoned vinegar for sushi rice?

To make seasoned vinegar for sushi rice, follow the following steps:

  1. Take 1 cup of vinegar in a small saucepan and add 3 tablespoons of sugar and 2 ½ teaspoons of salt to it.
  2. Place the saucepan over medium-high heat and cook with continuous stirring until sugar and salt get dissolved.
  3. Remove the saucepan from the stovetop when the fluid gets clear and let it cool.
  4. The seasoned vinegar is now ready to use or you can store it in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 1 month to use later.

How to make perfect sushi rice?

Making sushi rice at home is not a big deal at all. You just need to follow the right technique. Following is the step to step guide for preparing sushi rice:

  1. First of all, clean and wash the rice thoroughly with cold water to remove any remnant of bran or extra starch from them.
  2. Once they are washed properly, soak them in water for about 30 minutes to rehydrate them and prevent them from any problem related to texture.
  3. Now cook the rice with a little less water as you would typically use for the quantity of rice to keep them from getting mushy when you mix them with Japanese vinegar.
  4. Steam them properly until they are completely cooked.
  5. Now, fold the cooked rice with the vinegar that is mixed with sugar and salt for seasoning. (try to do this in a container that is having an efficient surface area so that the rice can be cooled and spread properly and the water is evaporated well, keeping them from getting saggy)

Can you store sushi rice?

Prepared sushi rice can be stored at room temperature (cold) if it is covered with a moist cloth or a plastic wrap for up to 12 hours. Avoid refrigerating or freezing prepared rice as doing so can destroy the characteristic texture of sushi rice.

How to use sushi rice?

You can use sushi rice for making California rolls, hand rolls, or nigiri sushi. You can also mix it with ground sesame seeds or minced Japanese pickles. You can also make donburi by topping sushi rice with your favorite seafood (crab, tuna) and vegetables.


In this brief guide, we answered the question “What type of rice for sushi?”, discussed how sushi rice is different from others and how to make perfect sushi rice.


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