In this short article, we will provide an answer to the question “What religion does not eat pork?” and the information on the reason behind this prohibition.
What religion does not eat pork?
Religious constraints prevent Jews, Muslims, and Seventh-day Adventists from eating pork. According to Strabo, swine were prohibited in ancient Syria and Phoenicia, and both the pig and its flesh were considered unclean in Comana, which was located in Pontus.
Even though Christianity is an Abrahamic religion, the vast majority of its adherents do not respect these parts of Mosaic law and think that it is acceptable for them to consume pork. The consumption of pork, along with other foods and activities that are forbidden by Jewish law, is frowned upon by Seventh-day Adventists.
Both the Eritrean Orthodox Church and the Ethiopian Orthodox Church frown against the practice of eating pork. Pork is another food that adherents to the Hebrew Roots Movement are not permitted to consume.
Where does the justification for this limitation come from?
Marvin Harris, who proposed that ancient Israelites and other people living in the ancient Near East detested pigs because the land did not take them well, presented a more recent explanation of how the eating habits of pigs are linked to their disruptive behavior.
He asserted that pigs not only require a sufficient amount of water, which is difficult to obtain in the Middle East but that they also require densely forested areas in which they may browse, particularly for acorns, to be healthy and productive. The shortage of available wood made it difficult to successfully raise pigs in the Middle East. He reasoned that the regulation barring them arose from practical grounds to avoid potential problems.
However, archaeological and literary evidence suggests that swine could be raised in the Middle East—as the Philistines did—and that the difficulty in producing them does not fully explain why they are shunned and regarded as disgusting animals. This is indicated by the fact that the Philistines kept swine. It would appear that a more fundamental cultural issue is driving this.
The possibility of contracting trichinosis, a parasitic ailment brought on by the consumption of beef that has not been thoroughly cooked, is another justification for the ban. In contrast to shellfish, which is also taboo because an allergic reaction to it in some people can be fatal, there is no evidence that pig is more likely to cause trichinosis than other types of meat, nor are there any other recognized health risks that are specific to pork. In addition, there are no other recognized health risks that are specific to pork.
Why is pork prohibited among land animals, then?
It would appear that the prohibition has both a practical and a symbolic purpose. According to the teachings of the Hebrew Bible, pork is not only unclean but also revolting and abominable to eat. In the book of Isaiah, it is associated with death as well as idolatry and immorality (65:4; 66:3).
Regardless of the nature of the problem, it seems that certain fundamental cultural norms are being breached as a result. Even though it’s plausible that some of it has something to do with the food that pigs eat, it’s also possible that there are other factors at play that are deeply rooted in society and connected to the process of constructing the social structure itself.
Pigs are distinct from other so-called “clean” land animals in several ways, the most significant of which is how they mate and, more specifically, how they reproduce. Pigs are known to spread disease. 3 This may seem like a weird concern, but many countries have deeply ingrained cultural taboos and restrictions regarding sexuality and reproduction, which can make this anxiety quite real.
Pigs, in contrast to cows, sheep, goats, and many species of deer, give birth to their young in a litter. In our modern civilization, it is common for a sow to have a litter of twelve piglets at one time. Pigs do not give birth in the same way as other animals.
In this short article, we provided an answer to the question “What religion does not eat pork?” and the information on the reason behind this prohibition.