What is the difference between bittersweet and dark chocolate?

In this brief article we are going to answer the question,”What is the difference between bittersweet chocolate and dark chocolate?”, and discuss what bittersweet chocolate is. We will also discuss how bittersweet chocolate is made, health benefits of bittersweet chocolate and also what dark chocolate is, how dark chocolate is made, and health benefits of dark chocolate. 

What is the difference between bittersweet and dark chocolate?

The difference between bittersweet and dark chocolate is that bittersweet chocolate contains 33% of cocoa liquor or cocoa butter whereas dark chocolate contains 50-90% or more of cocoa liquor or cocoa butter. Bittersweet chocolate has a deeper flavour than dark chocolate.

What is bittersweet chocolate?

Bittersweet chocolate is a sweetened form of dark chocolate and is a basically a mixture of chocolate liquor (does not contain alcohol), cocoa butter, sugar and sometimes vanilla

How is bittersweet chocolate made?

Bittersweet chocolate is made by grinding beans of cocoa and turning them into liquid form. Lecithin is often added as an emulsifying agent. When the liquid form of chocolate liquor solidifies, it is known as bittersweet chocolate. An interesting point to note is, bittersweet chocolate is actually made from dark chocolate.

Bittersweet chocolate is made in a double broiler using boiling water as a heating element. The word bittersweet is termed as “couverture” which essentially means that it consists of 32-33% of cocoa butter.

Couverture is tempered, and tempered means that the temperature of chocolate during the fat crystallisation is manipulated and when melted, it is a smooth fluid, when hardened, it has a sheen creamy texture.

What are the health benefits of bittersweet chocolate?

Bittersweet chocolate is beneficial for weight loss and is a good source of antioxidants which can lead to the prevention of cancer. It promotes heart health by regulating symptoms of high blood pressure. Other than that, it relieves stress, manages cholesterol levels and acts as a super food for the proper functioning of the brain and the nervous system.

All of the above benefits apply when the chocolates are taken in moderation and not in excess. Frequent eating of chocolates lead to weight gain and the development of dental caries. 

What is dark chocolate?

Dark chocolate is a type of chocolate which contains less amounts of milk or milk butter and large amounts of cocoa solids and cocoa butter. It is considered to be one of the purest forms of chocolate

Dark chocolate is rich in minerals which include iron, magnesium, and zinc.

How is dark chocolate made?

Dark chocolate is made by blending milk ingredients and sugar with chocolate liquor and cocoa powder (Cocoa powder, as discussed, is used at a higher percentage). The mixture is then dried which becomes a crumbled powder. 

Next comes conching, which is basically a process similar to how you knead dough. Cocoa and sugar are mixed at a specific temperature, and the temperature is raised slowly and gradually for the removal of moisture and development of flavour. 

Spices are sometimes added for a fiery kick or vanilla is added to make the chocolate smooth. In some cases, dark chocolate may be fruity while in others may be smooth, because of the role of processing and sourcing of the cocoa beans rather than the cocoa bean percentage.

What are the health benefits of dark chocolate?

Health benefits of dark chocolate include reduction in the risk of heart diseases (due to the presence of rich amounts of flavanols), stroke, high blood pressure (by dilating and relaxing the blood vessels), type II diabetes and insulin.resistance.

Health benefits of dark chocolate also include alleviation of cold, cough, ageing, enhanced immune function, slowing the progression and severity of various diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and protects and repairs DNA.

Dark chocolate is also beneficial for the protection against Alzheimers and Parkinsons, reducing the risk and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome/symptoms and interestingly in the prevention of alopecia and eye diseases. 

Other FAQs about Chocolate that you may be interested in.

How to grate chocolate

How to sweeten unsweetened chocolate

Can squirrels eat chocolate? 

Conclusion

In this brief article we answered the question,”What is the difference between bittersweet chocolate and dark chocolate?”, and discussed what bittersweet chocolate is. We have also discussed how bittersweet chocolate is made, health benefits of bittersweet chocolate and also what dark chocolate is, how dark chocolate is made, and health benefits of dark chocolate. 

References

https://drhealthbenefits.com/food-bevarages/processed-food/health-benefits-bittersweet-chocolate/amp
https://www.magnumicecream.com/us/en/stories/food/what-is-dark-chocolate.html
https://www.delightedcooking.com/what-is-bittersweet-chocolate.htm
https://www.bonappetit.com/story/types-of-chocolate

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.