What is the difference between ale and beer?

In this brief article, we are going to answer the question,”What is the difference between ale and beer?”, and discuss what ale and beer is. We will also discuss the different types of ale and beer along with the standard serving and effects of increased consumption of ales and beers.

What is the difference between ale and beer?

The difference between ale and beer is that ale is a type of beer, whereas beer is an umbrella category. There are two main types of beer; lager and ale.

What is ale?

Ale is a type of beer which is brewed by the yeast known as saccharomyces cervisiae. This yeast rises to the top of the liquid, and therefore it is said to work as a top fermenting yeast, meaning the yeast works at warmer temperatures and settles on top of the liquid.

After fermentation the yeast sinks down, and it therefore becomes easy to separate the liquid and the yeast. This yeast can then be recycled for making bread. The process of fermentation is quick, and it only takes a week to ferment the ale. 

What are the different types of ale?

There are many different types of ale. Some of them are discussed below.

  1. Dark Ale – The scorching of malt or barley before brewing and fermentation give this ale a rich flavour with a fairly bitter taste.
  2. Pale Ale – are produced from pale malts giving the ale a subtle and light blonde hue. This can also vary in taste depending on which types of hops are added.
  3. Amber ale – can have a variety of colour, and follow the same process of brewing as pale ales, the only difference is, amber malts are used instead of pale malts.
  4. India Pale Ale – undergoes the process of brewing similar to the pale ale, but high levels of hops are added providing a bitter and citrus taste.

What is beer?

Beer is an alcoholic beverage which is made by the extraction of raw materials with water, using hops for boiling and then fermenting the liquid. The standard ingredients used in beer are therefore water, malt, hops and yeast.

The process of producing beer includes malting, milling, mashing, the separation of the extract, adding hops and boiling, removing the hops and precipitates, cooling, aeration, fermentation, and separating the yeast from beer, along with ageing and maturing the alcoholic beverage. 

The process of brewing turns the starch of the grains to sugars, these are extracted with water and fermented by yeast for the production of a light carbonated beverage.

What are the different types of beer?

There are many different types of beer. 

  1. Lager – beer made by the bottom fermentation of yeast with a light but malt taste. Classic examples of lagers in America include Miller High Life, Coors, Budweiser, and Yuengling.
  2. India Pale Ales (already discussed above) – is a subcategory of ale which can contain high amounts of alcohol.
  3. Pale Ale (already discussed) – a subcategory of ale with alcohol levels lower than Indi Pale Ale.
  4. Pilsner – a subcategory of lager which originated in the Czech Republic. They have a pale gold colour and a crispy flavour.
  5. Stout beer – less bitter and dark beers which carry the sweetness from unfermented sugars. American stout beers are quite strong, hoppy, very roasted and bitter with high flavours of malt giving them a chocolaty coffee taste.
  6. Porter – dark beers with a chocolatey feel and flavour.
  7. Wheat beer – made of wheat giving off the perfect level of alcohol, with funky and tangy flavours.

What is the standard serving size of ales and beers?

The standard serving of ales and beers is 1.5 ounces. An excessive consumption of these products may affect health, increasing the risks of heart attacks, strokes, and kidney and liver failures, alcohol liver diseases, fatty liver disease, as well as obesity and diabetes.

Conclusion

In this brief article, we answered the question,”What is the difference between ale and beer?”, and discussed what ale and beer is. We also discussed the different types of ale and beer along with the standard serving and effects of increased consumption of ales and beers.

References

https://time.com/5218581/types-of-beer-guide/
https://www.redh.co.uk/blog/the-difference-between-ale-and-beer
https://www.redh.co.uk/blog/a-beginners-guide-to-ales

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.