What is Kitchen Salt?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, “What is Kitchen Salt?  And will discuss different types of salts that are used in the kitchen.

What is Kitchen Salt?

The chemical molecule sodium chloride (NaCl) is what scientists refer to as salt. It may be found as soft, granular grains, like table salt, or as jagged crystalline shards, like Maldon Sea salt flakes. As a flavoring and food preservation technique, salt is one of the most ancient and well-known forms of iodine.

What Is the Source of Salt?

Either seawater or salt mines are used to produce salt. Halite is the name given to the sodium chloride crystals that naturally occur in the rock.

When it comes to cooking, what kind of salt is best?

Sea salt, kosher salt, and other fine-grained salts are ideal for baking, seasoning, and preserving food, whereas coarse salt, such as table salt, provides flavor and texture to dishes as a finishing salt.

Is Salt Used for Anything Other Than Food Preparation?

There’s a lot you can do with salt besides cooking: historically, we’ve used salt as money and fuel for weapons and battle. Salt is being utilized for more mundane purposes, such as deicing highways and making PVC pipes or plastics.

It’s used to clean up the process of producing aluminum or soap by removing impurities. When pottery is burned, salt creates a glaze, and it also prevents gaps in walls from collapsing due to the pressure. It’s a key component in the process of tanning hides. Overall, it’s one of the most widely utilized substances in the world, based on volume.

Salt Has Several Health Benefits.

Sodium, which we get from salt, is essential to all living things, but it’s particularly so for us humans. Sea salt helps to keep electrolytes and fluids in balance by stimulating nerve impulses. A healthy heart and certain metabolic processes depend on sodium ions. Too much salt in a diet, however, may contribute to excessive blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.

In a bath, Epsom salt helps soothe tight muscles and accelerate healing because of its magnesium sulfate crystals, but it’s not salt at all. It appears like salt because it’s a crystal form of magnesium sulfate. Please do not use this for eating.

12 different types of salt are commonly used

Various types of salt come in a wide range of flavors and expressions, from the most basic, everyday canisters to exotic gourmet salts sourced from remote parts of the French coast and the Oregon coast.

Kosher salt

For most people, Kosher salt is the preferred cooking salt due to its light, gritty texture, and ease of use in a wide range of recipes.

Sea salt

A byproduct of seawater evaporation is sea salt. While sea salt is coarser than ordinary table salt, it is much softer than kosher salt to the touch. Sea salt is a broad term that encompasses a wide variety of salts with varying brightness and texture.

Rock Salt

Rock salt, often referred to as halite, is the original form of salt.

Fleur de sel

‘Flor de sel’ is the best salt, according to the experts. Fleur de sel is a delicate and fragrant seasoning that pairs particularly well with nutty, buttery caramels. It is hand-raked off the surface of tidal pools in Brittany, France, using specific wooden rakes and only under ideal weather circumstances.

Table salt

Table salt is the most common kind of finely powdered salt used by chefs and home cooks alike since it is mined from subterranean salt sources. When it comes to iodized salts, all trace minerals have been eliminated during the refining process, and the salt is reinforced with anti-clumping agents so that it won’t clump in humid conditions.

flake salt

When using flake salt as a final garnish, sprinkle it over grilled meats and roasted vegetables before serving. It may also be used to flavor sourdough bread soaked in olive oil.

Himalayan Pink Salt

It is known for its blushing hue (varying from very light pink to bright pink) and use in health spas as the Himalayan Pink Salt from the Khewra Salt Mine in Pakistan’s Himalayan Mountains. Natural minerals present in Himalayan salt include all 84 minerals found in the human body, thus its taste may be more strong or complex than that of regular table salt. It’s a favorite cooking stone for delicate foods like fish since its slabs can retain heat for hours at a time.

Black salt

In Nepal, the local black salt uses herbs, whole spices, and charcoal to make it taste like Himalayan pink salt. It is then burned in a roaring furnace for a full day before being stored. The end product is a profoundly smokey, almost sulfurous taste with a blackened, crimson color.

Hawaiian salt

There are two hues of Hawaiian salt to choose from: red and black. Red Hawaiian salt is a mix of unprocessed sea salt and red volcanic clay, making it rich in iron. Black Hawaiian salt is a mix of volcanic sea salt and activated charcoal.

Celtic grey salt

Celtic grey salt, also known as “sel gris,” is collected from French coastal tidal eddies. Sel Gris, as opposed to fleur de sel, is gathered from the salt water’s surface. It has big, wet crystals with a strong, melodious briny taste and a robust, moist consistency.

Smoked Salt

Spent two weeks low and slow over burning wood, absorbing the aromatic strength of whatever kind of wood it was—hickory, applewood, or mesquite—salt takes on the fragrance of smoked salt.

Pickling Salt

No iodine, no anti-caking chemicals, and no trace minerals that might color the brine make pickle salt a pickling purist’s dream. Perfectly seasoned pickles have nothing to fear.

To learn about the chemistry of salt in the kitchen, click here 

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we answered the query, “What is Kitchen Salt?  And discussed different types of salts that are used in the kitchen.

References

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/the-12-different-kinds-of-salt-you-should-have-in-your-kitchen#12-popular-types-of-salt
https://www.self.com/story/common-types-of-cooking-salt-when-to-use

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.