What happens when adding an egg to bread dough?

In this brief guide, we will answer the question “what happens when adding an egg to bread dough?” with an in-depth analysis of what happens when an egg is added to the bread dough. Moreover, we will also discuss how adding an egg to the bread dough affects the bread.  And with this, we will take into account the pros and cons of adding an egg to the bread dough.

What happens when adding an egg to bread dough?

When eggs are added to the bread dough, they make bread finer and richer, help provide color and volume, and bind the ingredients together. Occasionally only the egg yolk is added to bread doughs for more tenderness.

What does adding an egg to bread dough do?

Eggs added to dough help with rising. A bread dough rich in eggs will rise very high because eggs are a leavening agent. As well, the fats from the yolk help to tenderize the crumb and lighten the texture a bit. Eggs also contain the emulsifier lecithin.

What happens if you don’t put an egg in bread?

Without eggs, goods baked with flour or a standard baking mix will be a little more delicate, so you might consider leaving a cake in the pan instead of turning it out to serve it. Goods baked with gluten-free mixes or flour won’t bind at all without eggs or an egg substitute.

What does egg white do to bread dough?

When used in baked goods, egg whites act as a dough strengthener. They are also used to create foams.

How does an extra egg affect baking?

Because emulsifiers hold water and fat together, adding extra egg yolks to the batter enables the batter to hold extra liquid and extra sugar. This helps create a moister and sweeter cake that will still bake up with a good structure rather than falling into a gooey mass.

How can you substitute the egg for bread?

You can use different egg substitutes in place of eggs for making bread dough. Some of them are given below:

  • Applesauce. 

Applesauce is a purée made from cooked apples. 

  • Mashed Banana. 

Mashed banana is another popular replacement for eggs. 

  • Ground Flaxseeds or Chia Seeds. 
  • Commercial Egg Replacer. 
  • Silken Tofu. 
  • Vinegar and Baking Soda. 
  • Yogurt or Buttermilk. 
  • Arrowroot Powder.

What quantity of egg substitutes should be used instead of eggs in a bread mix?

Egg replacers and their quantities:

  1. Vinegar & baking soda:

Replace 1 egg with 1 teaspoon baking soda, 1 tablespoon vinegar.

  1. Unsweetened applesauce. 

Replace 1 egg with 1/4 cup applesauce. 

  1. Plain or vanilla soy yogurt. 

Replace 1 egg with 1/4 cup yogurt.

What role do eggs play in yeast bread?

Eggs contribute flavor to the bread:

One of the golden rules of baking is that fat equals flavor. By incorporating eggs into yeast bread, you are adding the sweet, buttery flavored fat of the egg yolk, resulting in a richer overall taste.

Eggs build the structure of bread:

The fat in egg yolks helps shorten the gluten strands in bread dough, increasing the gluten’s elasticity. This results in a more tender crumb and softer crust in the finished bread. Additionally, the coagulating property of eggs, due to their protein, helps create a more tender and even texture. As a leavening agent, the eggs contribute to the bread dough rising higher than non-egg yeast bread.

Eggs boost appearance:

The lipids in egg yolks give color to the crust of yeast bread. Due to this heavier coloration than eggless dough, baking temperatures should be reduced slightly to prevent too much coloration. The protein in the eggs also contributes to the Maillard reaction — the chemical change that causes the browning of bread’s crust, which relies on the presence of heat, moisture, protein, and sugars.

Eggs incorporate nutrition:

Adding eggs to yeast bread enhances the nutritional value of the dough. Eggs are among the most nutrition-dense foods we eat, containing the essential fatty acid linoleic acid, calcium, iron, potassium, vitamins, and even antioxidants.

How does the quantity of added eggs affect the bread dough? 

Adding a few eggs will yield a bread that is overly compact and doesn’t hold together. Too many eggs can leave you with a spongy or rubbery mess of dough. But egg volumes can be manipulated to lighten the texture of bread or add strength to a bread.

What happens if you add too many eggs to the bread dough?

Adding too many eggs will give your bread or cake a noticeably eggy flavor, which will make it taste more like a custard or a bread pudding and less like a cake or common bread.

You can read how to make bread here.

Conclusion:

In this brief guide, we have answered the question “what happens when adding an egg to bread dough?” with an in-depth analysis of what happens when an egg is added to the bread dough. Moreover, we have also discussed how adding an egg to the bread dough affects the bread.  And with this, we have taken into account the pros and cons of adding an egg to the bread dough.

Citations:

https://www.leaf.tv/articles/what-eggs-do-in-yeast-bread/
https://adulting.asu.edu/blog/when-youre-baking-run-out-eggs
https://www.ksre.k-state.edu/news/stories/2018/11/cookie-dough-food-safety.html

Mahnoor Asghar is a Clinical Nutritionist with a bachelor's degree in Nutrition and Dietetics. She is compassionate and dedicated to playing her part in the well-being of the masses. She wants to play a fruitful role in creating nutrition and health-related awareness among the general public. Additionally, she has a keen eye for detail and loves to create content related to food, nutrition, health, and wellness.