What can I substitute for baking soda and baking powder?

In this brief article, we are going to answer the question,”What can I substitute for baking soda and baking powder?”, and discuss what baking soda and baking powder is along with some of the substitutes for baking soda and baking powder.

What can I substitute for baking soda and baking powder?

Buttermilk, plain yoghurt, whipping egg whites, molasses, cream of tartar, vinegar, sour milk and lemon juice can be substituted for baking soda and baking powder. 

Buttermilk

It is a product of dairy which is formed by the process of fermentation, having a sour tangy taste similar to yoghurt. Butter milk is also formed the old fashioned way, by churning the milk cream turning it into butter. Commercially, bacterial cultures are added for fermentation which causes the breakdown of sugars into acids.

Plain yoghurt

To substitute for 1 teaspoon baking powder, half cup yoghurt with one-fourth tsp baking soda can be used. Yoghurt is also formed by the process of fermentation, which causes the breakdown of sugars and increases the levels of lactic acid, which causes the pH to decrease thereby increasing acidity.

Molasses

Molasses is a sweetener which is a byproduct of the formation of sugars and can also be used as an alternative to sugars. They have a low acidity which can cause a reaction when mixed with baking soda. To substitute for 1 tsp baking powder, one-fourth cup of molasses can be combined with one-fourth tsp baking soda and used.

Cream of tartar

Cream of tartar is a white powder having a high acidity and is produced as a byproduct when wine is made. Cream of tartar is used for the stabilisation of egg whites and creams and also to make sugar crystals. A teaspoon of baking powder can be substituted by using a fourth tsp of baking soda combined with half a tsp of tartar.

Sour milk

Sour milk is produced when milk undergoes the process of acidification, which decreases the pH level of milk. This makes sour milk acidic which can easily react with the base in baking soda. Half a cup of sour milk with one-fourth tsp of baking soda can be used instead of 1 tsp of baking powder.

Vinegar

1 tsp of baking powder can be replaced with one fourth of a teaspoon of baking soda and half a tsp of vinegar. 

Vinegar is made by the process of fermentation where the bacteria convert the alcohol to acetic acid. The acid is produced in low levels of pH, which can be used with baking soda for leavening purposes

Lemon juice

The high amount of citric acid in lemon juice makes it a good substitute. A teaspoon of baking soda can be replaced by using one-fourth tsp of baking soda with half a tsp of lemon juice.

Self-Rising flours

Self-Rising flours is a mixture of all purpose flour, baking powder and salt, everything that is needed to make the dough rise. Self rising flours are basic ingredients found in packaged cake mixes, biscuits and quick breads found in supermarkets. Whatever flour is used in the baking recipe, one can replace it with the self rising flours. 

Whipped egg whites

Whipped egg whites can be another alternative. When whipping the whites of the eggs, tiny air bubbles are created that causes the volume and lightness to increase.

What is baking soda?

Baking soda is also a leavening agent which only contains sodium bicarbonate. It does not consist of acid, and for the baking soda to work, it must be mixed with an acid. 

What is baking powder?

Baking powder is a leavening agent used in the baking industry.It consists of sodium bicarbonate and an acid such as cream of tartar, with fillers that may or might not be added such as cornstarch. Water is added to baking powder for it to activate. 

When water is added, reaction of the acid and base takes place which causes the release of carbon dioxide. The release of gas causes the air bubbles to form which expands the mixture, adding volume to bakery items. Mostly cakes and breads.

Other FAQs about Baking Soda that you may be interested in.

Can you cook with arm and hammer baking soda?

What is the pH of baking soda?

Is baking soda good for stopping diarrhea?

Conclusion

In this brief article, we answered the question,”What can I substitute for baking soda and baking powder?”, and discussed what baking soda and baking powder is along with some of the substitutes for baking soda and baking powder.

References

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-baking-powder-substitutes#TOC_TITLE_HDR_11

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.