Is it safe to eat field mushrooms?

In this brief guide, we will discuss the question, “is it safe to eat field mushrooms?”. As well, we will discuss what are field mushrooms, how can I identify field mushrooms, and other concerns about field mushrooms.   

Is it safe to eat field mushrooms?

Yes, it is safe to eat field mushrooms, the species Agaricus campestris, and it tastes very good. However, it is better to eat them cooked, as the raw form can contain pathogens that are dangerous when consumed and if you fully cook the mushrooms, will destroy them. 

Field mushrooms are related to the species Agaricus campestris, which normally grow in meadows where ruminants animals feed, such as cattle, horses, sheep, and others. The field mushrooms can be found worldwide.   

Can I eat every mushroom found in the field?

No, you can’t eat every mushroom present in the field, as many of them can be poisonous for human consumption, so it is better to know to identify the edible ones.

How can I identify field mushrooms?

According to First Nature, field mushrooms have some details that you can visually identify. Below are some characteristics of field mushrooms.

  • They have a cap diameter of about 3 to 10 cm and the color of the cap is creamy white;
  • The color of the gills changes according to the growth, but in the initial can be pink, then dark brown, and sometimes can be black;
  • They have a stem diameter of about 1 to 2 cm and 3 to 10 cm in height, the color of the stem is white.  

What are other edible mushrooms that grow in the wild?

Almost all mushrooms can grow in the wild, with specific temperatures and humidity, according to each species. Below are listed some other mushrooms that can grow in the wild. 

  • Portobello mushroom can be found anywhere;
  • Shiitake mushrooms can be found in the wild and it’s easy to recognize by their umbrella-shaped brown caps;
  • Maitake mushroom can be found in the woods and it looks like a head of cabbage;
  • Oyster mushroom can be found in the wild on the trees and has whitish color with a fan-shaped; 
  • Enoki mushrooms can be found in the wild in the trees and they are small with a thin stem.

Why is it important to fully cook the mushrooms found in nature?

As the field mushrooms are commonly grown in meadows where ruminant animals feed, the mushrooms can be contaminated with animal dropping or anything present in nature, and if you eat them raw, you can develop a foodborne illness.

What is foodborne illness?

Foodborne illness can occur when humans eat food contaminated with microorganisms, such as bacteria, parasites, viruses, and also chemicals like heavy metals. 

How can I prepare the field mushrooms?

You can wash them in running water and then fully cook the washed field mushrooms at high temperatures, which will ensure the destruction of the microorganisms. 

How can I maintain the shelf life of mushrooms longer?

According to the Mushroom Council, there are some types of storage to keep your mushrooms fresh for a longer time. Below are listed some types of storage.

  • It’s recommended to keep the mushrooms in the original package or to put them in a porous paper container;
  • Keep the mushrooms under refrigeration;
  • Don’t freeze fresh mushrooms;
  • You can freeze cooked mushrooms, which can last longer than one month. 

What is the nutrient content of mushrooms?

According to Medical News Today, raw mushrooms have a lot of nutrients. Below are listed the nutrients contained in one whole cup (96 grams).

  • 3.0 grams of protein;
  • 3.1 grams of carbohydrate;
  • 2.9 milligrams of calcium;
  • 0.5 milligrams of iron;
  • 8.6 milligrams of magnesium;
  • 82.6 milligrams of phosphorus;
  • 305 milligrams of potassium;
  • 4.8 milligrams of sodium;
  • 0.5 milligrams of zinc;
  • 305 micrograms of copper;
  • 8.9 micrograms of selenium;
  • 2.0 milligrams of C vitamin;
  • 0.2 milligrams of D vitamin;
  • 16.3 micrograms of folate;
  • 16.6 milligrams of choline;
  • 3.5 milligrams of niacin.

What are the health benefits of eating mushrooms?

As you check, mushrooms contain a lot of minerals, vitamins, protein, and antioxidants, which can provide many health benefits for consuming them. Below are listed some of the health benefits of eating mushrooms.

  • The antioxidants help to neutralize free radicals that damage the cells;
  • The antioxidants and the vitamins present in the mushrooms help to avoid certain types of cancer;
  • The fiber of mushrooms helps to control diabetes type 2;
  • The fiber, C vitamins, and potassium may improve the health of the cardiovascular system;
  • The folate content of mushrooms can help during the pregnancy improving fetal health.

What is a recipe for fresh mushrooms?

As mushrooms are consumed worldwide, you can find many recipes for cooking them. If you click here, you will check a complete recipe for garlic mushrooms. 

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we have discussed the question, “is it safe to eat field mushrooms?”. As well, we have discussed what are field mushrooms, how can I identify field mushrooms, and other concerns about field mushrooms.

References

https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/foodborne-germs.html Accessed: 05/12/2022 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mushroom Accessed: 05/12/2022 

https://www.mushroomcouncil.com/mushrooms-101-select-store-mushrooms Accessed: 05/12/2022 

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/278858 Accessed: 05/12/2022 

https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agaricus-campestris.php Accessed: 05/12/2022 

 

What was missing from this post which could have made it better?

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.