In this brief guide, we will answer the question, “If I plant a potato will it grow?”. We will look at the conditions that will make your potato grow.
If I plant a potato will it grow?
Before you plant your potato, you need to make the right choices. Also, you need to determine if it is possible to provide your plant with the best condition.
Luckily, it is an easy process to grow, maintain and harvest.
What are the prerequisites of growing potatoes?
Before you plant, there must be an adequate interval between soil preparation and planting. The interval between the two steps lies anywhere from 2-6 weeks.
The season which is best suited for growing potatoes is early spring because that is when the temperature starts to rise.
The following steps brief the steps required to grow potatoes:
- Select tubers with sprouts.
- Cut up the tubers to leave 2-3 eyes on a single part.
- After you cut the tubers up, they are now ready to be cured.
- Plant your potato seeds at the right spot.
- Ensure an adequate supply of sunlight and water.
- Within 2 weeks, you will observe green shoots.
- The green shoots will change into a bushy plant which subsequently will turn into spuds.
- As the plant shoots appear, proceed to the hilling process.
- In 60 -90 days, the potatoes will be ready for harvesting.
What are the crucial aspects of growing potatoes that you need to know?
The tubers are referred to as seed potatoes, and they need; to be planted in the ground. They can be planted whole or cut up. Before you plant your tubers, make sure that there is a maximum number of eyes from the sprouts.
Tubers are the energy reserve of potatoes; they sprout stubby roots. Sprouting occurs from the end of the potatoes.
You need as many potato tubers as possible, which is not possible if you plant store-bought potatoes.
Curing means drying. Leave the pieces in the sun or any other warm place for 3-5 days. The curing step will make the pieces of potatoes calloused which, protects against rotting.
If you cut up your potatoes, keep them out of sunlight. After the plant reaches, 1.5 inches they are ready to be planted outdoors.
When you plant, put the potato with the part with eyes facing upwards. Put your fertilizer which has low nitrogen and high phosphorous.
Potato plants have big leaves that ensure maximum uptake of sunlight. The plant needs at least 6 hours of sunlight for maximum growth. The top of the plant transfers the sunlight to the tubers. The tubers also require sufficient amounts of sunlight. Otherwise, it will hinder their development.
However, potatoes must not receive too much sunlight, which makes them turn green due to the presence of Solanine.
A temperature below 40 degrees will make the plant reach its end. However, if the temperature rises above 60 degrees, that will also be detrimental to the plant.
As soon as you plant the potatoes, they start to produce flowers and tubers.
After a few weeks have passed, you will start to observe shoots. When the plant shoot reaches 8-10 inches, prepare the mounds of sand around the plant. The earthing-up process helps encourage the healthy growth of the plant.
Your potatoes must be grown in rotation and allow a chunk of land to recover for 3 years before you plant again.
Alternatively, you can plant potatoes in a container instead of soil.
Fill your large pot with potting soil and plant your seeds.
Keep the pot where sunlight can reach it and water the pot frequently.
What is the importance of hilling potatoes?
- Hilling protects the potatoes from weeds.
- It prevents the potatoes from getting submerged in water.
- The plant stays protected from direct sunlight. Sunlight can damage potatoes by encouraging photosynthesis and turning the potatoes green.
- Hilling encourages the growth of double foliage, which in turn will increase the yield of your crop.
How to harvest potatoes?
After 18-20 weeks have passed, the plant will begin to turn yellow.
The small, red potatoes grow fast and produce a good result. Large potatoes will take longer to mature and will not be in good shape if cultivated in an area with hot summer.
When you harvest, dig the potatoes carefully so that you do not damage the tubers.
You could use either of the three methods to harvest your potatoes. Use either a broad fork or a digging fork and carefully dig at the bed’s boundary.
If not a gardening tool, then you could use your hands to harvest the potatoes.
Let the potatoes sit on the ground for a few hours to let them dry. Pat it clean and store it in a cool and dry place.
In this brief guide, we answered the question, “If I plant a potato will it grow?”. We looked at the conditions that will make your potato grow.