In this brief guide, we are going to answer the question “How to preserve green chillies?”, and discuss the different methods of preserving green chillies and the potential implications of preserving green chillies.
How To Preserve Green Chillies
You can preserve green chillies by drying, pickling, freezing, salting etc.
When it comes to preserving chillies, there are a number of ways in which they can be preserved for later use. Some of them are more complicated or time-consuming than others.
Below are 6 basic methods of preserving green chillies.
- Drying or dehydrating (various methods)
- Pickling chillies
- Freeze your chillies.
- Fermented chillies
- Preserved in oil
- Salted chillies
Drying Green Chillies
Drying is a very good and conventional method to preserve excess chillies. There are a number of ways to do it. The fleshier chilli varieties are not well suited to the drying method. The additional moisture they have in the fleshy parts makes them hard to dry out before they become mouldy unless using a dehydrator.
The easiest method to dry out the chillies is to lay them out in the sun to dry on a surface that allows ventilation both top and bottom. This method is the most basic, but might not be a success in cooler or high humidity climates.
To dry out chillies, one would need to maintain an optimum temperature of about 25 degrees C. If the temperature is lower than this, there is a risk of developing mould and losing the batch. On the other hand, if the temperature is too high, the dried chillies become brittle, and this is ok if one wants to make chilli flakes or powdered chilli.
Other drying methods that can be tried are as follows:
- Oven drying
- Using a dehydrator
- Air drying in a ristra – tied together with string
Pickling green chillies is a great way to preserve chillies for future use. Pickled chillies can be enjoyed on their own when added to a salad to spice up the flavour, or added to stews and curries.
They also make a great relish when served with steak or cold meats, or used as an additional pizza topping!
This method is dependent on having a freezer and electricity to power the freezer at one residence. Chillies handle freezing pretty well. They retain their flavour and heat.
The freezing method of preserving excess chillies can be rendered as best used on the fleshier chilli varieties. The method for freezing whole chillies is quite simple. Below are the steps involved in the process.
- Spread the chillies out on a baking tray so they are not touching (prevents them from becoming a solid lump).
- Freeze them on the baking tray.
- Once frozen, place them in a sealed container for storage
Another freezing method is to process the chillies first. This involves:
- Cut off the stalks of the chillies.
- Remove the seeds from within (if one does not want too much heat)
- Freeze in a sealed container or bag, preferably in single portion size quantities.
- One can take the processing a step further and chop the chillies finely. Then place the chopped chillies in an ice cube tray and freeze.
- If one wants to have an ice tray dedicated to this purpose, one can use it.
- Once frozen, place the chilli cubes into a container of the bag to store in your freezer.
Preserving Chillies in Oil
Preserving chillies in oil is a method that not only preserves the chillies but is a very versatile ingredient to have in the kitchen. Olive oil is suggested to be the best oil to use for this method of preservation.
The chilli-infused oil can be used in any number of applications from salad dressings to dipping sauces. The preserved chillies can be used in an equally numerous variety of ways.
The salt method is known to be one of the easiest ways to preserve green chillies. The ingredients so required are very basic, one is salt and of course, the other is chillies. T
For the 250g of chillies, one will need 40g (1.4 ounces) salt. It is better to use coarse salt rather than finely ground salt.
The method is as easy as the ingredients used.
- Wash the chillies and pat them dry with a clean cloth.
- Cut off the tops of the chillies and roughly chop the chillies, leaving the seeds in.
- Mix the chopped chillies with 30g of salt.
- Place the salt and chopped chilli mixture in a sterilised glass jar.
- Cover the surface of the chillies by adding the remaining salt.
- Seal the jar and store it in a cool, dry place for a couple of weeks before refrigerating the chillies.
That’s all. You can add the salted chillies to any dish to add some extra heat and chilli flavour!
In this brief guide, we answered the question “How to preserve green chillies?”, and discussed the different methods of preserving green chillies and the potential implications of preserving green chillies.
If you have any questions or comments please let us know.