How many types of vegetarian diets are there?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, ‘How many types of vegetarian diets are there?’ and will discuss the dos and don’ts of each type.

How many types of vegetarian diets are there?

There are seven types of vegetarian diets: Lacto-vegetarian, ovo-vegetarian, Lacto-ovo vegetarian, vegans, flexitarians, pescatarians, and pollotarians.


Vegetarians, for the most part, abstain from eating animal products. Pork, chicken (and other poultry), beef, venison, lamb (or mutton), and all other four-legged animals are included virtually universally. When it comes to animal by-products, there are seven main categories of vegetarians. So, a vegetarian always eats fruits, vegetables, beans, legumes, and grains (unless another dietary restriction forbids it), but let’s take a closer look at the additional items they may be allowed to consume as part of particular categories.


The Lacto-vegetarian is the first kind of vegetarian you should know about. Individuals who follow this diet adhere to all of the same rules as vegetarians, including avoiding all animal products and consuming only plant-based foods as a primary source of nourishment. Dairy items including milk, yogurt, butter, and cheese are allowed for lacto-vegetarians as well.

Some individuals may pick this diet above the others on our list for a variety of different reasons. If they prefer dairy products, they may be reluctant to make the change. Despite this, individuals may have other reasons for doing this. Since dairy includes significant quantities of protein, vegetarians who are worried about getting enough of it in their diet may find that including dairy products helps alleviate that issue.


Also, ovo-vegetarians’ diets are extremely similar to vegetarians’ in terms of what they eat. However, they opt to eat eggs even if they don’t eat any meat or dairy products. Eggs may be eaten for any number of reasons, but the most prevalent ones are either because individuals love them or because they believe they need to eat them for their nutritional benefits.

Lacto-ovo vegetarian

At this point, it should be very self-explanatory. Lacto-ovo vegetarians abstain from eating meat, however, they do consume dairy and eggs in their diets. Again, this lifestyle may be chosen for a variety of reasons, including the desire to eat certain foods, worries about protein, and even conflicting views on animal cruelty.


Vegans and vegetarians vary in a few ways. An important feature of vegetarianism is that it’s widely recognized to be one of the most restricted diets out there. Vegans not only avoid eating animal products like meat, dairy, and eggs, but they also do not consume any of the animal’s waste products. Honey, gelatin, collagen, and even white sugar are included in this category. Additionally, vegans may refuse to buy some items if they include any animal products, as well.

A subgroup of vegans, known as raw vegans, exists as well. They will only eat raw, uncooked plant-based meals with these people. Our ancestors are widely thought to have lived this way before they had access to fire to cook with. The scientific and nutritional communities disagree, however, as to whether a raw vegan diet offers any extra health advantages over a vegan or vegetarian one.


Some people in the vegetarian community disagree on whether or not eating seafood counts as vegetarianism, but for the sake of this guide, we’re included in it. Fish and shellfish are still included in the diets of pescatarians, but they do not consume any land animal proteins such as chicken, hog, or cattle. Pescatarians may or may not eat eggs or dairy products, depending on their approach to the diet.

If you’d want to minimize your intake of animal proteins but aren’t ready to remove them entirely, a pescatarian diet may be a terrific alternative. It imposes few restrictions and allows you to consume almost everything. In addition to cardiovascular health, fish and other seafood have been demonstrated to have several additional health advantages. This means that people with specific medical issues may decide to eat fish regularly.


A pollotarian forgoes red and pig in favor of poultry, such as chicken and other fowl (including duck and turkey). The elimination of animal proteins may be a goal for some, while others may be worried about the health consequences of eating red meat. As with pescatarian diets, pollotarians may find it simpler to switch to a plant-based lifestyle because of the lower number of constraints.


Finally, there is flexitarianism, which is a sort of vegetarianism that allows one to eat a variety of foods. In keeping with the lifestyle’s name, individuals who practice it are willing to bend the rules when it comes to their diet and the restrictions they set on themselves.

 Flexitarians, in contrast to the majority of the vegetarian community, do not forgo animal proteins or animal products entirely. This means that instead of eliminating certain items, they make a deliberate effort to consume them less often or only when necessary. Flexitarians, for example, may restrict their meat intake to two days per week or exclusively consume grass-fed beef and pasture-raised eggs.

For those who want to improve their diet but aren’t ready or motivated to make a major lifestyle shift, a flexitarian diet is a great option. A meat-free lifestyle provides you more time to explore all of your options, as well as to learn about the health and environmental advantages of a meat-free diet.

If you think about it, most individuals are flexitarians even if they don’t know it. Vegetarianism has seen a major spike in popularity as more people are aware of the health advantages. Most individuals, on the other hand, have been raised on a meat-heavy diet and find it difficult to adapt. It’s, therefore, possible for them to gradually implement improvements that they can maintain over a longer length of time via flexitarianism.

Click here to learn about the benefits of vegetarianism. 

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In this brief guide, we answered the query, ‘How many types of vegetarian diets are there?’ and discussed the dos and don’ts of each type.


Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.