In this brief article, we are going to answer the question “how long does it take for a cucumber to grow after flowering?”. We will also discuss the growing stages of cucumber.
How long does it take for a cucumber to grow after flowering?
Cucumber plants take 55 to 70 days to grow after flowering. Variety, weather conditions, nutrients, and other factors all play a role.
- It takes anywhere from seven to ten days for a single seed to germinate.
- Within 35 to 55 days of germination, the first male flower appears, followed by the development of a female flower within 1 or two weeks (i.e., 42 to 62 days).
- Fertilized female flowers produce fruit in 10 to 12 days.
What are the stages of a cucumber’s life cycle?
Watching a cucumber (Cucumis sativus) grow from a small vine to a large plant bearing edible fruits is a fascinating experience.
At 70 degrees Fahrenheit, it’s time to plant cucumbers, which are among the most widely cultivated in the Cucurbitaceae plant family. As an easy-to-grow vegetable, cucumbers can be used for pickling, slicing, or eating right off the vine.
Seeds are sown and seedlings grow
Cucumbers begin their life cycle as seedlings, emerging from the ground as young plants. It’s best to plant 4 to 5 seedlings per hill of soil or two to three feet apart in a continuous line for vine cucumber cultivars like Lemon Cucumber and Boston Pickling. Seed sprouting, or germination, is a fairly rapid process.
Seedlings with two leaves should appear three to ten days after sowing. Cotyledons are the first two structures that resemble leaves on a seedling. These structures are round with soft edges. Cucumber heart-shaped leaves with sharp-edged margins are the next set of true leaves.
As seedlings grow, keep the soil moist. Put your finger into the soil to see if it’s wet. It shouldn’t be dry past the joint where your first finger joins. Remove some seedlings when they get 4 inches high so that the ones that are left are one and a half feet apart.
Bush cucumbers require two to three square feet of space, while vine varieties can grow up to 6 feet. Vine plants can be supported by tomato cages or trellis systems.
In order to have a steady supply of cucumbers throughout the summer, plant seeds every 2 – 3 weeks until 3 months before the estimated yearly frost date in your area. In addition to Home Depot, Amazon, and Walmart, you can purchase cucumber seeds online.
Flowers and pollination of the Cucumber
Male and female cucumber flowers are both bright, golden-yellow in color. Pollination is complete when a female flower is pollinated by a male one; the male flower then fades away. Within a week or two, the female flowers begin to emerge.
Cucumber plants aren’t self-pollinating; pollinators or honey bees carry pollen from male to female flowers. Pollinators can be killed by insecticides applied during the flowering stage of cucumbers, thus interfering with the pollination process.
Harvest and Fruiting
If female cucumber flowers are successfully fertilized, they swell at the root and begin to form fruits. With the right variety and weather, you can expect to harvest cucumbers between 50 and 70 days after they are sown.
Pickling cucumbers can be harvested when the fruits are between 3 and 4 inches long. Each plant’s harvest typically lasts for seven to ten days.
For slicing, fruits that are 7 to 8 inches long are ready for harvest, and the harvest period can last for up to 4 to 6 weeks. Cucumbers are best harvested every other day during the height of harvest season. When cucumbers are harvested on a regular basis, they produce more fruit.
The skins of the fruits turn tough and bitter if they are left on the vines. One cucumber plant usually yields 5 pounds of fruit, or 10 fruits weighing 6oz each. However, heirloom varieties yield two to three pounds of fruit per plant on average.
After-Harvest Care for Cucumber
Cucumber vines and bushes should be removed from the ground and placed in the compost pile or bin after harvesting is complete. In order to hasten the process of decomposition, lengthy vines could be cut into lengths of one to two feet. Pests and diseases may be attracted to the yard if bushes or vines are left to decay on the ground.
Other FAQs about Cucumber that you may be interested in.
In this brief article, we have answered the question “how long does it take for a cucumber to grow after flowering?”. We have also discussed the growing stages of cucumber.