In this brief guide, we will answer the question, ‘How long does a mango tree take to grow?’. We will look at the factors that affect the rate of growth of mango trees. We will also highlight the factors that accelerate the growth of a mango tree.
How long does a mango tree take to grow?
A grafted tree that you bought from a nursery, bears mangoes in three to four years. If a mango tree grows from a seedling, then it takes longer to bear fruits. On average, expect 5-8 years.
What are some main characteristics of a mango?
Mango Trees are native to tropical and subtropical regions, where temperatures do not fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Mangoes are stone fruit that has flesh surrounding the fruit. The hairy outer seed coat has a kernel inside capable of sprouting.
Mangoes are a good source of vitamin C, A, and E, paralleled with anti-oxidants. Catechins, anthocyanins, and quercetin are all polyphenols that protect the body against radicals.
How quickly can you expect your mango tree to grow?
Tree varieties that are polyembryonic or small bear fruit sooner.
Polyembryonic seeds have more than one embryo that bears several trees identical to each other.
When polyembryonic seed sprouts, seedlings emerge from multiple seeds/embryos.
In contradiction, mono-embryonic seeds have a single embryo/seed only; hence the odds of germination occurring is less.
You can buy either a seedling mango tree or a nursery tree. Nursery trees grow faster and have sturdy roots.
You can buy a grafted tree from the store, which can propagate fruit for you. However, the mango seeds that you saved from your store-bought mangoes are sterile. The mangoes are a result of a hybrid plant whose stones are not capable of producing mangoes.
However, the seed will possibly become a tree but will not bear fruit.
If you plan to obtain fruit from a seed, it will take you around five to eight years. If you get a sapling, a young mango tree, it will take you around four years.
What conditions do mango trees require?
The mango tree is native to Asia; the regions which experience scorching hot temperature with mild winters. The tree does not thrive in colder conditions but needs warmth and sunlight to grow and stay alive.
A young mango tree needs time and care for optimum growth
It requires bright light to blossom. However, as it grows and matures, it will need an increasing amount of sunlight. On average, a mango tree needs 7-9 hours of sunlight.
Mango trees need peat-based potting soil because that soil has good drainage that keeps it dry between watering intervals. Mango trees need alternating wet and dry periods; hence you need to water them frequently whenever they need.
The trees need a humidity of 50% and a temperature above 40 Fahrenheit.
Freezing temperature is detrimental to the mango tree and, a temperature that drops below 40 Fahrenheits will make the tree lose its flowers and fruits.
After the tree ripens and consequently flowered, it will take 3-5 months to bear fruit. The exact time varies according to variety and environmental conditions.
What is the difference between an unripe fruit and immature fruit?
Immature fruit will not ripen as it has not fully formed yet. Immature mangoes are green, sour, and stiff. They are used to make pickles and juices.
The unripe fruit is a matured fruit that is not yet edible. It will continue to ripen after being picked off the tree. A gas called ethylene will continue to release inside the mango, which will make the fruit sweeter and juicier than before.
Before being plucked off the tree, the color and smell of the fruit is a good indicator. You must pick the mangoes only after they have matured.
A matured fruit can be ripe or unripe. A ripe mango is straight-up ready for consumption. It is sweet and tender and will perish within a few days.
Unripe mango will take several days to ripen in your home. You can enclose them in a brown bag and put them in a warm place to speed up the ripening process. Ripe fruits, on the other hand, need to be refrigerated to prevent spoilage.
You can choose to propagate mango seeds.
The following instructions will help you to germinate a mango seed.
- Remove the hairy rusk of the outer coat that will expose the inner seed. Put your mango seed in water to enable the development of roots.
- Keep the seed at a temperature greater than 70 degrees Fahrenheit and water it generously.
- The sprouting will start within two weeks.
- In about 4-5 years, the seed will have turned into a young mango tree.
In this brief guide, we answered the question, ‘How long does a mango tree take to grow?’. We looked at the factors that affect the rate of growth of mango trees. We also highlighted the factors that accelerate the growth of a mango tree.