How long can a pepper plant live?

In this brief article, we will answer the question, “How long can a pepper plant live?” and tips to grow pepper plants. 

How long can a pepper plant live?

Pepper plants can live for 1-3 years. Certain species of pepper plants, though cared for properly, can live for even a decade.

As mentioned before, pepper plants can live longer than 1-3 years, if it is cared for thoroughly. Domestic pepper plants might have a shorter life span though wilder species of pepper plants are likely to live longer.

Let us look at the shelf-life of some types of pepper plants.

Type of pepper plantsThe lifespan of the pepper plant (In years)
Jalapeno peppers, Bell peppers, Sweet peppers, and Cayenne peppersApproximately 1-3 years
Ghost peppers, Habanero peppers, and Scotch Bonnet peppersApproximately 3-5 years
Manzano peppers and Rocoto peppersApproximately 5-10 years
Aji Limon peppers, Aji Amarillo peppers, or South American peppersApproximately 4-6 years
Thai chillies, Tabasco peppers, and Malguetas peppersApproximately 3-8 years

Which is an ideal climate for a pepper plant?

A warm climate is ideal for the pepper plant. A cold climate or frost can reduce the life span of the pepper plant or is likely to destroy it. As a result, if you wish to have your pepper plant live longer, it is better to plant them in a place with a hotter temperature.

Which species of pepper plants have a longer life span?

Manzano pepper plants and Rocoto pepper plants have a longer life span. They are juicier and are found usually in South America and Central America. The problem with this type of pepper is that it is difficult to grow them and it also takes a longer time to grow as well.

Manzano and Rocoto pepper plants though can survive cold weather or harsh weather conditions. 

Other wild species of pepper plants that survive longer would include Chiltepin which is found in North America. It is known to live for more than 30 years.

Which type of pepper plants have a shorter life span?

Bell peppers, Cayenne peppers, Jalapeno Peppers, and Sweet peppers have a shorter life span. These are the most commonly grown pepper plants.

Can you grow a pepper plant indoors?

Yes, you can grow a pepper plant indoors but this would depend on the type of pepper plant you wish to grow. Certain pepper plants can last for a decade even if it is grown indoors.

If the climate is proper and the pepper plants are cared for well, they can survive indoors for a long period of time.

What are some tips to prolong the shelf-life of pepper plants?

Take note of the climate

Climate plays a major role in growing pepper plants. As mentioned before, the majority of the pepper plants thrive well in warmer climates than colder ones. If you feel that the weather outside is too cold, you can try growing the pepper plants indoors.

If the temperature falls below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, the pepper plants would begin to deteriorate. Indoors, you can try keeping the plants warmer to help them to survive.

Prune the plants

Pruning the plants is essential to prolong their life span. If the leaves look discolored or unhealthy, it is better to cut them off. This would promote the growth of healthier leaves. Discoloration would commonly be observed in the winter season.

It is recommended to prune the plants before the winter season starts. This would encourage the growth of healthier and new leaves in spring.

Watering the plant

Water the pepper plant only once in 2-3 days. This is because pepper plants do not require much water to survive. You can also touch the soil to check the water content. If the soil is soft, you can avoid watering the plant.

Avoid overwatering the plants especially during the winter season. Overwatering the plants can reduce the plants from producing peppers.

Place the plants indoors during winter

If you are unsure of keeping your pepper plants outdoors, place them indoors. This can include your garage, greenhouse, basements, or inside your home. Pepper plants also do not require a lot of sunlight to grow.

Plant more seeds

If you think that the pepper plants are not going to survive throughout the winter, it is better to plant many seeds. This will ensure that a few plants survive throughout the winter.

Try and grow hotter varieties over sweeter ones

If you live in colder climates, it is important to note that the hotter variety of plants would survive more than the sweeter ones according to experts. 

Other FAQs on pepper plants that you might be interested in.


In this brief article, we have answered the question, “How long can a pepper plant live?” and tips to grow pepper plants.