How is vegetarian cheese made?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, “How is vegetarian cheese made?” and will discuss the detailed ingredient composition of vegetarian cheese.

How is vegetarian cheese made?

Vegetarian cheese is made from rennet obtained from either fungal or bacterial microorganisms. Vegetarian cheeses are created entirely from vegetable proteins and are completely devoid of animal products. Soy, nuts like cashews and macadamias, and vegetable oils like coconut oil are often used to make them. Other cheeses are made from arrowroot, agar, tapioca, peas, and even peas plus arrowroot.

Some vegetarian cheeses’ ingredient lists may surprise vegetarians who are striving to eat as cleanly and little processed as possible. Starches and thickeners like carrageenan and xanthan gum are often used.

Vegetarian cheese is created by blending various ingredients

In the 1980s, the first dairy-free cheeses were developed, but they were not very tasty. However, in the past several years, the market for vegetarian cheese has grown tremendously. A wide variety of flavors are now available, some of which may trick even the most ardent cheese fanatic. You may buy them or make them yourself using a variety of unusual components.


For any plant-based animal product alternative, soy may be the most prevalent component. This includes cheese.

Tofu and other soy protein products that resemble cheese are available from a variety of commercial brands. Various vegetable oils, gums, and other additives are often used to provide a texture and flavor that are as close as possible to authentic cheese.

Casein, a milk protein, is found in several soy-based cheeses. Casein is added to the processed cheese to make it melt more like genuine cheese. Casein is a milk protein. Casein is present in soy-based cheeses, which are not vegetarian. Lactose-intolerant people may still be able to use these products.

Nuts and Seeds

Since they are so simple to produce at home, DIY vegetarian cheese replacements made from several kinds of raw tree nuts and seeds may be the most popular. If you’d rather not deal with the hassle of meal preparation, pre-made versions are available in your local supermarket.

One of the most appealing aspects of this sort of vegetarian cheese is how little processing is required. To manufacture nut or seed cheese, bacteria similar to those used in making dairy cheese are soaked, mixed, and fermented. Salt, nutritional yeast, and herbs may all be used to provide taste.

Nut and seed-based cheeses may be made using a variety of ingredients, including:

·         Cashews

·         Almonds

·         Pecans

·         Toasted nuts

·         The seeds of the sunflower

·         Cauliflower seeds

·         Coconut

Coconut milk, cream, and oil are additional common vegetarian cheese bases.

For a creamy cheese-like product, coconut’s high-fat content makes it necessary to add extra ingredients such as carrageenan, cornstarch, tapioca, and/or potato starch. Because coconut has a distinct taste that isn’t evocative of cheese, other flavorings such as salt, garlic powder, onion powder, nutritional yeast, and lemon juice are often used to enhance the coconut flavor.


Tapioca, potato, arrowroot, and all-purpose flour are among the starchy flours used in certain vegetarian cheeses. Soy milk, almond milk, cashew, coconut, or white bean flours are blended with other substances such as flour. Vegetarian cheese recipes that call for huge amounts of flour tend to produce a sauce-like consistency rather than a sliceable, block-style cheese. What works for one person may not work for another.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables may be used as a foundation for certain forms of vegetarian cheeses, which are less prevalent. There are several prominent sources, including potatoes and carrots.

This technique of creating vegetarian cheese results in a gravy-like cheese sauce that is extremely soft. Cook the veggies until they are extremely soft, then combine them with water, oil, salt, and spices to get a creamy texture.


The canning liquid for chickpeas is called aquafaba. When it comes to vegetarian baking, you may not think twice about tossing it in the trash. However, its most recent claim to culinary fame is its usage as a vegetarian cheese alternative in baked products.

Because it melts like dairy cheese when heated, aquafaba makes a practical cheesemaking component. Binding agents, such as agar-agar or carrageenan, are still needed in the final product. There are generally other ingredients like cashews, coconut cream, or oil in the recipe as well.

Several Styles to Choose From

It is possible to get vegetarian cheese in almost every form now available for cheese made from dairy products. This is especially beneficial for those who want to convert to a vegetarian or dairy-free diet. The majority of these vegetarian cheeses may be found at major supermarkets; however, the variety may vary from shop to store.

The following are some of the most often used styles:

·         Shredded vegetarian cheese is currently available from several big companies. Mozzarella and cheddar are the most popular varieties. On pizza, tacos, potatoes, or casseroles, this version is ideal.

·         In addition to using vegetarian cream cheese over bagels and toast, it may also be used as a base for creamy sauces. They also come in a variety of flavors, much like ordinary cream cheese.

·         Vegetarian choices for block and sliced cheese include cheddar, smoked gouda, provolone, and American cheese. On crackers or in sandwiches, they’re best served.

·         Vegetarian ricotta, brie, and camembert are examples of soft cheeses.

·         For topping spaghetti, pizza, or popcorn, grating parmesan-style vegetarian cheese is a terrific alternative.

·         For those who crave cheese sauces and dips, vegetarian nacho cheese is now available, as well as a range of simple recipes online. 

Other FAQs about Vegetarian that you may be interested in.

Is calcimax vegetarian?

Is caldikind plus vegetarian?

Is Celin 500 vegetarian?

How is vegetarian rennet made?


In this brief guide, we answered the query, “How is vegetarian cheese made?” and discussed the detailed ingredient composition of vegetarian cheese.


Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.