How is pepper made?

In this brief guide, we are going to answer the question “ how is pepper made?” with an in-depth analysis of how pepper is made. Moreover, we are going to discuss how pepper is cultivated and the benefits of black pepper.

So without much ado, let’s dive in and figure out more about it.

How is pepper made?

For making peppers,  firstly peppercorns have to be cleaned. Bowlers and separators are used to clean white and black peppercorns and they play an important part in removing dust, dirt clods, bits of twigs, stalk, and other impurities from the peppercorns after they are imported to the field.

For the grinding process, a series of rollers are used for grinding the now cleaned peppercorns and this process is known as “cold roll milling”. It is worth mentioning that this equipment is commonly used for grinding the pepper into powder form.

Now once the peppers have gone through the cleaning and grinding process, then comes the last step, which is packing. The pepper is packed into plastic bags, boxes, jars, and cans, etc. In some cases, the pepper is also mixed with other spices, and then it is packed. 

How is pepper cultivated?

The pepper is grown in the form of bushes, with a maximum height of 4m (16 fits). The pepper is cultivated in the shape of berries. It is worth mentioning that if the berries are allowed to be fully ripe, their color changes to red but instead of waiting for them to get fully ripped, the berries are harvested early (when they are green).

Mechanical equipment is not used in the pepper harvesting process; instead, women pluck the unripened berries and transport them in big wicker baskets to dry platforms. These platforms are used to spread the berries, which are subsequently dried in the sun for a week and a half. When we dry the berries, the color of the dried berries changes to black.

Alternatively, if the pepper berries are picked at the time when they are beginning to turn red then such plucked berries are cooked for about 10 minutes in boiling water. Afterward, in about an hour, the color of the berries change to black or dark brown.

Then the peppercorns are dried on the ground in broad sunlight for about 3-4 days before being moved to the factory.

If white peppercorns are to be produced, after the harvesting or boiling heaps of peppercorns are stored in enormous sacks which are then lowered in running streams for about seven to fifteen days depending upon the location. 

Following their removal from the stream, the pepper berries are placed in barrels and submerged in water; staff temper the pepper berries to agitate the peppercorns and remove any leftover husks.

It is worth mentioning that the outer coating of the peppercorns is sometimes mechanically ground off to make the so-called decorticated pepper, but such technology is only used by some manufacturers while the others are still using the old methods.

Health benefits of black pepper

The black pepper is one of the most popular spices in the world and may offer impressive health benefits. It is usually used in every food.  Black pepper is generally considered safe in cooking and as a supplement.

A power antioxidant

The black pepper is full of antioxidants. Antioxidants fight free radicals, molecules that have the potential to damage the cell of the body and lead to diseases such as cancer. The antioxidants in black pepper could be helpful against a variety of health conditions.  

Aids digestion

Proper gut functions are promoted by black pepper so this tells us that it is important for stomach health. Moreover, black pepper can also be used to prevent diarrhea. 

Black pepper may boost nutrient absorption as they display prebiotic-like behavior, helping regulate intestinal microbiota and enhance gastrointestinal health.

Prevents Constipation

If you have fewer than three stools per week, you may be constipated. This difficulty, however, can be rectified by adding pepper to your food on a daily basis. When you have constipation, you may find yourself straining to pass stools, or you may not feel empty even after passing stools.

When ingested daily, black pepper reduces the risk of colon cancer, constipation, diarrhea, and other bacterial disorders. Excessive use might be damaging to your health, so only use a pinch in your daily diet.

Weight Loss

Black pepper aids in weight loss and can be mixed into green tea and drunk two to three times each day. This is due to the fact that this spice contains a high concentration of phytonutrients, which aid in the breakdown of extra fat. This also helps your body’s metabolism. Green tea with a dash of black pepper in it can aid with weight loss and should be included in your daily diet.

You can read the benefits of pepper here.


In this brief guide, we answered the question “ how is pepper made?” with an in-depth analysis of how pepper is made. Moreover, we discussed how pepper is cultivated and the benefits of black pepper.


Mahnoor Asghar is a Clinical Nutritionist with a bachelor's degree in Nutrition and Dietetics. She is compassionate and dedicated to playing her part in the well-being of the masses. She wants to play a fruitful role in creating nutrition and health-related awareness among the general public. Additionally, she has a keen eye for detail and loves to create content related to food, nutrition, health, and wellness.