How does an electric stove work?

In this brief guide, we are going to answer the question “how does an electric stove work” with an in-depth analysis of the working principle of an electric stove that involves cooking food through the use of electric current.

Moreover, we are going to highlight what are the advantages of electric stoves which can make these appliances to be used preferably for cooking purposes.

How does an electric stove work?

An electric stove usually works on the principle that when the plug is connected to the power, the circuit is off and the current passes through the circuit. When the current reaches the heating element from opposite ends, it collides and generates heat that can be transferred through the heating elements to the pots or pans, placed above the stovetop.

The stovetop is usually flat made of ceramic, coils, or glass that preserves the maximum energy and cooks the food quickly and efficiently without consuming much energy. Thus, electric stoves are convenient, safe, fast, and environmentally friendly cooking appliances.

Electric stove:

An electric stove is a stove with a device that can be heated electrically for cooking or baking. This stove has become famous throughout the world as it can efficiently replace the stoves using solid fuel, such as wood and coal, that require more time, maintenance, and labor.

Electric stoves are considered one of the most important and useful appliances in a home. The most common use is due to the convenient, safe, and efficient working of the electric stoves. Moreover, they can cook your food in less time as compared to those requiring more time for their work.

Working of an electric stove:

The electric stoves usually contain coils or ceramic/glass tops that do not get heated by producing flames. The food is simply cooked when the plug is connected to the electricity source and the electric current flows through the coils or ceramic top and heat them. The heat then transfers to the pots, containing food, placed on these coils or ceramic tops.

The heating elements on the electric stove are connected to their control switch. When the switch is turned on, the circuit is closed by connecting two legs, each having 120 volts of AC (alternating current). The current passes through each leg and when it reaches the coil, it collides and produces heat that can be used or transferred to the food inside the pot for cooking.

In the circuit, the temperature switch is also present that can be used to adjust the heat output from the stove’s coils or flat surfaces. This switch operates through the principle that when the desired temperature is reached, the circuit will open cutting the supply of the current that will eventually stop the heating of the heating elements.

Benefits or advantages of electric stoves:

The surface of an electric stove is mostly flat and is directly attached to the bottom of the pan or pot in which the food is going to be cooked, resulting in the maximum transfer of heat from the stove to the food or pan. This results in the minimum loss of energy or heat in the air.

In gas stoves, the heat is usually produced through burning flames that may cause the loss of heat in the surroundings and make it warm. On the other hand, the electric stoves release minimum or less energy in the surrounding, resulting in a slightly hot environment and make it possible or convenient for an individual to cook especially during summers.

The smooth tops of electric stoves are easy to clean. Moreover, the surfaces of electric stoves made with ceramics become less hot and provide the benefit of no damage due to burning yourself on the stovetop.

The electric stovetops are also provided with some other devices, such as dials, gauges, or thermostats. The dials help in adjusting the temperature required for cooking. The temperature can also be controlled by installing the thermostat that is a rotating mechanism displaying the temperature numbers throughout the circumference. The temperature can also be adjusted from time to time with the help of a gauge.

The cooking times in electric stoves can be adjusted or set through the use of timing or clock control installed in the appliance.

The electric stove models can also be cheaper than gas stoves. Some unique features associated with electric appliances used for cooking are the combination of two or more appliances, such as stove and oven, that enable the customers to get maximum cooking applications at an affordable cost.

You can read range vs stove vs oven here.

Other FAQs about Stoves that you may be interested in.

How hot can a wood stove get?

What to do if I accidentally left the gas stove on?

Can the glass top on my stove be replaced?


In this brief guide, we answered the question “how does an electric stove work” with an in-depth analysis of the working principles or operating mechanisms of an electric stove through the use of electric current.

Moreover, we discussed what electric stoves are and how they are more preferable in cooking applications due to their safe, convenient, and faster cooking applications.