Does beer have acid?

In this brief guide, we will discuss the following question, “does beer have acid?” and other queries related to this topic.

Does beer have acid? 

Yes, beer contains acid. The slightly acidic content of beer is due to the fermentation process for creating the beer.

Beer has a relatively low alcohol content compared with other alcoholic drinks, thus this low alcoholic content might not induce heartburn. However, It has been shown that people who drink liquor, like vodka and tequila, experience heartburn more often than those who drink beer.

But, many experts say that beer is particularly bad for heartburn due to its bitter taste that can irritate your esophagus and stomach lining causing bad GERD and acid reflux symptoms. In this case, it’s best to consume it relatively rarely and not in large quantities.

What is the pH level of beer?

The pH of beer varies according to the variety and the type, but it ranges between 3.00-6.00. The more fermented and sour the beer the lower the pH level.

Lager Beers Made from barley malt have the lowest acid content. The color of the beer doesn’t correlate with acidity. Whereas, ales beer made with all-malt warts have a higher level of acidity than ales made with malt adjuncts.

So, in case you experience some symptoms of acid reflux keep that the type of beer chosen might impact or aggravate your symptoms.

However, when comparing the acidity of the beer to other alcohols like vodka, tequila, and other hard liquors it has a lower pH.

What is the acid in beer? 

Beer contains many organic acids such as acetic acid (vinegar flavor), pyruvic acid, lactic acid (sour milk flavor), malic acid, and citric acid. These acids make up the majority of acids in beer. The source of these substances is yeast metabolism.

What is gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is commonly referred to as GERD. This is a chronic medical condition that’s caused by the inability of the lower part of the esophagus to function properly, leading to the sensation of heartburn caused by the abnormal reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus.

This disease has chronic symptoms and can significantly impair the quality of life. Lifestyle modifications like reducing alcohol intake, tobacco use, certain foods, body position, and obesity are recommended to decrease GERD symptoms. In many cases, symptoms of GERD can be controlled after following a healthy diet, quitting smoking, and reducing weight.

However, if GERD is left untreated, it can cause abdominal pain, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, damage to the esophagus, and an increased risk of esophageal cancer.

Can I drink beer if I have acid reflux?

Yes, you can drink beer. But since it contains acid and it is carbonated beer may exacerbate GERD symptoms. The symptoms of GERD are controllable after withdrawing from alcoholic beverages. Keep in mind that patients with GERD are often advised to limit their alcohol consumption or to drink moderately.

What food reduces heartburn?

Here is a list of food that helps in reducing heartburn:

  • Starchy foods such as rice, couscous, potatoes, and crackers
  • Legumes like beans, lentils, and chickpeas.
  • Vegetables with lower acidity such as kale, yellow squash, asparagus, lettuce, cucumber, and corn.
  • Fruits with low acidity fruits like cantaloupe, dates, watermelon, apples, bananas, and honeydew melon.
  • Poultry or lean meat such as chicken, turkey, and lean ground beef.
  • Seafood like fish, shrimp, and salmon.

What food induces heartburn?

Here is a list of food that might aggravate your symptoms. To improve your symptoms try to avoid them.

  • Fried food: fatty food worsen heartburn symptoms like french fries and fried chicken or fish.
  • Peppermint causes heartburn since it relaxes the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach leading to acid reflux.
  • Chocolate specifically dark chocolate because it raises stomach acidity.
  • Tomatoes especially tomato paste, tomato juice, and canned tomatoes because they are more acidic than whole, raw tomatoes.
  • Ketchup and mustard are very acidic condiments.
  • Spicy food.

What drinks induce heartburn?

The list below is about drinks that cause heartburn and acid reflux:

  • Wine: white wine is more acidic than red wine.
  • Beer is acidic and carbonated, but low in alcohol. Some people can tolerate it and others can not since it aggravates the GERD symptoms.
  • Soft drinks
  • Carbonated water
  • Coffee or caffeinated beverages

Do acidic drinks affect your teeth?

Yes, our teeth can be damaged by drinking acidic beverages, even though teeth are one the strongest bones in our body. Excessive intake of acidic beverages can wear down teeth enamel and cause tooth decay.


In this brief guide, we discussed the following question, “does beer have acid?” and other queries related to this topic.


What was missing from this post which could have made it better?

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.