Can you mix ammonia and vinegar?

In this brief guide, we are going to answer the question “Can you mix ammonia and vinegar” with an in-depth analysis of how we can mix ammonia and vinegar.Moreover,we are going to discuss the uses of ammonia and vinegar in our daily life as well as the difference between uses of ammonia and vinegar and the types of vinegar.

So without much ado, let’s dive in and figure out more about it.

Can you mix ammonia and vinegar?

When you combine aqueous solutions of vinegar and ammonia, a neutralization reaction occurs, leading to the formation of ammonium acetate salt. This salt, known for its high ionization, exhibits excellent conductivity when dissolved in water.

NH4C2H3O2, as well as solutions of this salt in acetic acid, may readily be prepared by the direct combination of ammonia and vinegar. (1)

What happens when you mix baking ammonium and vinegar?

The neutralization of a weak acid, acetic acid, by a weak base, aqueous ammonia, leading to the formation of ammonium acetate salt NH4C2H3O2

The two mixing solutions are very similar in terms of their densities and their other thermo-physical properties such as viscosity. The reaction has a negligible reaction heat.

It follows the following equation:

CH3CO2H + NH3 → CH3CO2 +NH4+ (1, 2)

Why should I not mix ammonia and vinegar?

Mixing ammonia and vinegar does not provide very effective cleaning, so combining them will make you lose two ingredients without benefiting from their effects leading to the formation of ammonium acetate salt NH4C2H3O2. (1, 2)

Why is ammonia such a good cleaner?

Ammonium Hydroxide (‘‘ammonia’’) is the primary active agent for cleaning and disinfecting nonporous surfaces in various domestic, commercial, and ‘‘industrial strength’’ cleaning products and is used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces like clean glass, porcelain, and stainless steel.

Its widespread use and the popular knowledge of ammonia as a strong cleaning and disinfecting agent leads to strong potential for use of relatively concentrated forms by individuals who may not be fully informed about the potentially serious inhalation health hazards associated with improper uses of this chemical. (3)

Why is vinegar a good cleaner?

Due to its high acidity, vinegar is highly effective in eliminating grease and calcium buildup. This makes it a useful solution for removing mineral deposits and soap scum in areas such as toilets, showers, and dishwashing machines.

Common household white vinegar generally contains approximately 5 to 8 percent acetic acid. With a pH of approximately 2.5, acetic acid qualifies as a moderately strong acid. 

This acidic nature enables it to inhibit the growth of various fungi and other microorganisms, making it a versatile solution for household cleaning purposes. (4, 5)

What are the health risks of ammonia?

When ammonia is used in standard cleaning solutions with typical concentrations (0.1-0.2%), routine household applications are unlikely to result in significant exposures. 

However, it is important to note that in poorly ventilated areas, spillage or utilization of concentrated ammonia solutions (e.g., 3%) can lead to potentially hazardous airborne ammonia exposures. 

Ammonia is widely acknowledged as a corrosive agent and a sensory irritant, possessing notable warning properties attributed to its strong, pungent odor and the irritation it causes upon airborne exposure. 

It is important to note that concentrated ammonia solutions can have severe health implications if ingested or if they come into contact with the skin. The potential health risks associated with oral and dermal exposure to concentrated ammonia solutions are well-documented and widely recognized. (3)

What are the health risks of vinegar?

Acetic acid, a primary component of vinegar, possesses corrosive properties that can pose risks to the skin and gastric mucosa. When in the form of liquid or spray mist, it has the potential to cause tissue damage, particularly affecting the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth, and respiratory tract.

Inhaling the spray mist of acetic acid can result in severe irritation of the respiratory tract, leading to symptoms such as coughing, choking, or difficulty breathing. 

Additionally, acetic acid is known to induce inflammation of the eyes and skin. Prolonged exposure to this acid can contribute to dental enamel erosion, bronchitis, and eye irritation.

In cases of acute overexposure, it may even lead to more serious conditions such as bronchopneumonia and pulmonary edema. (6)

Other FAQs about Vinegar that you may be interested in.

Can cider vinegar go bad?

Can you mix white vinegar and bleach?

What is the best substitute for sherry vinegar?


In this brief guide, we answered the question “Can you mix ammonia with vinegar? with an in-depth analysis of how we can mix ammonia and vinegar.Moreover,we discussed the uses of ammonia and vinegar in our daily life as well as the difference between uses of ammonia and vinegar and the types of vinegar.


  1. Davidson, A. W. Sisler, H. H., & Stoenner, R. The System Acetic Acid—Ammonia. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 66(5), 779–782. 1944.
  2. Someya, S., Yoshida, S., Tabata, T., & Okamoto, K. The effect of chemical reaction on the mixing flow between aqueous solutions of acetic acid and ammonia. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(19-20), 4236–4243. 2009.
  3. Fedoruk, M. J., Bronstein, R., & Kerger, B. D. Ammonia exposure and hazard assessment for selected household cleaning product uses. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, 15(6), 534–544. 2005.
  4. Rogawansamy S, Gaskin S, Taylor M, Pisaniello D. An evaluation of antifungal agents for the treatment of fungal contamination in indoor air environments. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2; 12(6): 6319-32. 2015.
  5. Debra Rose Wilson, Daniel Yetman, Can You Get Rid of Mold Using Vinegar?, Healthline Media LLC. 2020.
  6. Pravasi, S. D.  Acetic Acid. Encyclopedia of Toxicology, 33–35. 2014.

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