Can you eat spicy food after wisdom teeth?

In this article, we will answer the question “Can you eat spicy food after wisdom teeth?” and discuss why you should not eat spicy food after the surgery.

Can you eat spicy food after wisdom teeth?

Yes, you can eat spicy food after wisdom teeth. However, it is not recommended to eat any spicy food in the subsequent days of the teeth removal, as the sensitivity to spicy food may be enhanced as a consequence of the surgery.  

On the other hand, if you are under the effect of analgesic medications, you may ingest spicy food without further damage, as the analgesics have contrary effects to the stimuli of spicy food containing capsaicin. 

Why should you not eat spicy food after the molar teeth removal?

You should not eat spicy food after the molar teeth removal because you are already in pain and capsaicin, which is the chemical compound characterizing pungency, may sensitize the pain neural channel at higher levels, leading to an increase in the pain.

Both pain sensation and pungency are perceived by the vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channel, which is considered to be a molecular integrator of different stimuli such as heat, acids and different endogenous pro-inflammatory substances. 

Due to the wisdom teeth removal, this neural pain channel is already sensitized. Capsaicin, the pungent constituent of chili peppers (genus Capsicum) would be an additional stimulus for the same pain sensation, when ingested in the concentrations found in normal food.

On the other hand, if you are taking analgesic medications, it is possible that you cannot notice the pungency of the spicy food, as drugs used to treat pain can act on the same neural channel, blocking both pain and pungency perceptions.  

When should you eat spicy food again after the molar teeth removal?

You should eat spicy food again after the molar teeth removal when you no longer feel pain. Most people have swelling in their mouth or cheeks after the operation and feel pain for a few hours or even a few days. During this time, you should avoid spicy food.

The pain sensation may vary greatly among patients who have their teeth removed. According to studies, gender, weight and body surface affect postoperative swelling and pain sensations, as well as the dental morphology and depth of impaction. In addition, nerves and blood vessels can be damaged during the procedure differently.

Therefore, the time needed for the recovery of the surgery varies and also the time that spicy food and other types of food (hard food) can be ingested again after the teeth removal.

What else should you avoid after the molar teeth removal?

For a few days after the procedure, you should avoid smoking cigarettes or drinking hot drinks, because they can slow down the healing process. Hard foods also sometimes cause problems and are not recommended (1).

What to eat after wisdom teeth removal?

Some examples of food that you should eat after the wisdom teeth removal surgery are listed and explained below in the article. 

Fruit juices

Fruit juice is a good source of vitamin C and fiber, which are important components of a balanced diet. 

The wound healing process requires both macronutrients and micronutrients. Delayed wound healing is a failure to progress through the normal phases and nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin C that humans have to obtain from their diet, which is a significant factor in all phases of wound healing. 

Fruit juices, whole fruits and vegetables are good sources of vitamin C. Because vitamin C is an antioxidant, it can reduce cell damage and reduce inflammation by decreasing inflammation markers, such as C-reactive protein and proinflammatory cytokines (2). 

When you eat this nutrient-rich snack, your jaw will be in a better position to repair and help avoid pain. Prepare homemade applesauce to reduce sugar and use fresh ingredients if you want to make it healthier.

Ice cream

Therapeutic effects of ice applied on a surgery wound are due to changes of hematic flow and consequent vasoconstriction and reduced metabolism. In surgery and orthopedics, in fact, the main function of ice on the treated area is to produce vasoconstriction and to control bleeding, resulting in reduced metabolism and control of bacterial growth (3).

Soup

Recommended are soups (warm, not hot) with ingredients containing vitamins, such as vitamin C and antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds. Phenolic compounds have been considered as the most important bioactive compounds, which are responsible for bone health effects (4).

Mashed potatoes

Potatoes are good sources of phenolic compounds and vitamin C, which may promote the healing process after tooth removal. Phenolics can be present at high levels in potatoes, including those that are antioxidants or have a wide-array of other health-promoting characteristics (5).

Yogurt

Yogurt contains probiotics and calcium. The ingestion of calcium after tooth removal is important due to the mineralization of osteoid, maturation, and remodeling of bone tissues. Probiotics are known to improve overall health and as wound healing promoters as well (6).

Conclusion

In this article, we answered the question “Can you eat spicy food after wisdom teeth?” and we discussed which food can we eat after teeth wisdom?

Reference

  1. InformedHealth.org [Internet]. Cologne, Germany: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG); 2006-. Should you have your wisdom teeth removed? 
  2. Pisalsitsakul, Nanthanut, et al. Taking 200 mg vitamin C three times per day improved extraction socket wound healing parameters: A randomized clinical trial. Int J Dent, 2022.
  3. Sortino, Francesco, and Marco Cicciù. Strategies used to inhibit postoperative swelling following removal of impacted lower third molar. Dental research journal 8.4 (2011): 162.
  4. Al-Obaidi, Mazen M. Jamil, et al. Protective effect of ellagic acid on healing alveolar bone after tooth extraction in rat—a histological and immunohistochemical study. Archiv Oral Biol, 2014, 59, 987-999.
  5. Navarre, Duroy A., et al. The effect of different cooking methods on phenolics and vitamin C in developmentally young potato tubers. Am J Potato Res, 2010, 87, 350-359.
  6. Ranjha, Muhammad Modassar Ali Nawaz, et al. Nutritional and health potential of probiotics: a review. Appl Sci, 2021, 11, 11204.
  7. Garami, Andras, et al. Hyperthermia induced by transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) antagonists in human clinical trials: Insights from mathematical modeling and meta-analysis. Pharmacol therapeut, 2020, 208, 107474.
  8. Quiding, Hans, et al. TRPV1 antagonistic analgesic effect: a randomized study of AZD1386 in pain after third molar extraction. PAIN®, 2013, 154, 808-812.

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