Can you eat scarlet runner beans?

In this brief guide, we will answer the question, “Can you eat scarlet runner beans?.” We will further discuss the questions of what are runner beans, the nutrients of runner beans, the possibility of eating immature runner beans and runner beans raw, the culinary uses of scarlet runner beans, and the risk of eating runner beans.  

Can you eat scarlet runner beans?

Yes, you can eat scarlet runner beans. Although scarlet runner beans are commonly grown for their decorative value, they are also edible and tasty. 

They provide maximum nutrients for improved health benefits. However, it should be consumed in moderation as it contains lectins like in all beans.

What are scarlet runner beans?

Phaseolus coccineus is the botanical name for the scarlet runner bean, which is a close relative of Phaseolus vulgaris, the common bean. 

Scarlet runner bean plants, also known as fire bean, mammoth, red giant, and scarlet emperor, are robust climbing annual vines that can reach 20 feet or 6 metres in height in a single season. 

This annual bean vine produces a cluster of red blossoms with huge green leaves from July through October. 

The bean pods are huge, measuring up to 1 inch or 2.5 cm in diameter, and contain beans that are a lovely pink while young, turning to a dark violet to black speckled colour as they age. The beans are just as beautiful as the vines and blossoms.

What are the cultivars of scarlet runner beans?

The Scarlet Runner Bean is the most productive of all the planted beans when grown in the appropriate conditions. 

There are currently about a dozen and a half cultivars. Cultivars are created by man, while nature creates variety. Some cultivars include:

  • The Dutch Phaseolus coccineus v. alba with white flowers
  • The Butler has no strings.
  • The Painted Lady has red and white flowers.
  • Kelvedon Wonder has long pods.
  • Sunset has pink blooms.
  • The Scarlet Emperor has scarlet flowers. 

What are the nutrients in scarlet runner beans?

Runner beans are high in vitamins C and K, as well as folate and manganese, just like their common bean cousins. 

They are high in fibre, which aids digestion, and they are low in carbs and calories, so they are an excellent fit for a weight-loss diet.

Can you eat immature scarlet runner beans?

Yes, you should be able to eat scarlet runner beans when young. They may certainly be lightly boiled in their pods and enjoyed as a snack in the same way that soybeans are. The beans are easy to keep and can be blanched, stored in salt, or dried after blanching.

Can you eat scarlet runner beans raw?

You will be able to eat scarlet runner beans raw, but this is not recommended. The matured beans are stringy and more fibrous and may be difficult to easily consume. 

The raw beans also contain high amounts of lectins, which can be dangerous when consumed in significantly high amounts or when consumed over a long period.

What are the culinary uses of scarlet runner beans?

Runner beans are a little rougher and more fibrous than regular beans, so they are not as popular as regular ones in traditional kitchens. 

The earthy flavours of the flowers, on the other hand, are appealing, and the remainder of the plant is versatile in the kitchen.

  • Although the runner bean flowers are mainly for decorative purposes. However, the blossoms, which have a somewhat bean-like flavour, can make a fascinating addition to salads and should not be overlooked in the kitchen.
  • The young beans are soft and delicious enough to eat raw, pods and all can be treated like sugar snaps or cooked like shelled beans. Young sensitive pods should be eaten uncooked in moderation. As the pods grow larger, they become more stringy and fibrous, necessitating boiling or steaming for tenderness.
  • When the beans inside the pods begin to darken from their original pink colour, boiling is required to neutralise the small amounts of potentially dangerous lectins present. Allow the pods to mature completely before harvesting the beans to dry and use in stews, purees, and other dishes.
  • Scarlet runner beans that are mature and ripe are dried seeds cooked like dry kidney or Lima beans for food.
  • Finally, the tuber of the scarlet runner bean can be dug out and consumed as a starchy root vegetable by boiling or frying.
  •  Young leaves are used as a herb in pots.

What is the risk of eating scarlet runner beans?

The lectin phytohaemagglutinin is found in modest concentrations in the Scarlet Runner Bean, as it is in other beans. 

It’s hazardous in excessive doses, which is why beans are always cooked for an extended period. Excessive intake of raw beans might trigger symptoms like diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we have answered the question, “Can you eat scarlet runner beans?.” We have further discussed the questions of what are runner beans, the nutrients of runner beans, the possibility of eating immature runner beans and runner beans raw, the culinary uses of scarlet runner beans and the risk of eating runner beans.  

Citation

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/vines/scarlet-runner-bean/growing-scarlet-runner-beans.htm
https://www.theseedcollection.com.au/Scarlet-Runner-Beans-How-to-Grow-from-Seed-to-Harvest