Can you eat pasta with Gastroparesis?
Can you eat pasta with Gastroparesis?
Yes, pasta is an allowed food in Gastroparesis because it is a low-fiber food, and it is easy to digest. Take into account that you will have to stick to some recommendations, like choosing the appropriate sauce and toppings (1,2).
Your sauce should be natural, without pepper or other irritating ingredients. You should avoid cream, high-fat cheese, raw vegetables, and high-fat meat products like sausages or beacon. Keep with us in this article to know more about this (1,2).
Can specific types of pasta be more tolerable for individuals with Gastroparesis?
Yes, whole-grain pasta is less tolerable for individuals with Gastroparesis (1,2).
Fiber is a non-digestible nutrient in foods, because of this it could delay the stomach emptying. A slow stomach emptying is the main mechanism to produce abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting in people with Gastroparesis (1,2).
Therefore, you better keep away from fiber-rich foods, and always prefer products made with white flour (1,2).
Are there any modifications or alternatives for enjoying pasta with Gastroparesis?
Yes, there are many modifications for enjoying pasta with Gastroparesis, you can find a summary below (1,2,3):
- Always use natural tomatoes, remove the pulp, seeds, and skin of the sauce; maybe it will not be the best sauce, but you will remove most of the fiber by doing this.
- Use herbs like basil or oregano to add more flavor to your sauce, do not use pepper because it is very irritating.
- Use olive oil instead of butter, olive oil contain unsaturated fatty acids which are healthier, plus it has a lot of antioxidants
- Do not use the following vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, onion, cherry tomatoes, spinach, celery, mushrooms, and bell pepper.
- Do not use cream, high-fat cheese, bacon, fried fish, and sausage.
How can individuals with Gastroparesis make informed choices when consuming pasta?
Here are some tips to make informed choices when consuming pasta (1,2,4):
- If you are trying a new ingredient, please always eat a small portion to test your tolerance to that ingredient.
- In most of the restaurants the sauce is made with anticipation, and it is probable that chefs are not allowed to make a specific sauce for you. So you should prefer pasta dishes without sauces and cream.
- Restaurants and fast food chains normally use high-fat ingredients like butter, bacon, sausages, and so on. You can ask the restaurant if they can change butter for olive oil; if they can’t do this for you, you should think about other dishes.
What are some tips and strategies for incorporating pasta into a Gastroparesis-friendly diet?
You can find a lot of recipes here! But be aware of the ingredients that you should avoid (presented above). If you are unsure about one or more ingredients, please consult a nutrition specialist to make the best decision.
Can portion control and eating techniques play a role in consuming pasta with Gastroparesis?
Yes, you always should eat small portions frequently, and remember to always chew your food very well. Take your time for eating, this could be the key to prevent undesirable symptoms like inflammation and nausea (5).
Chewing your food very well will ensure that your food will start its digestion in your mouth. Your saliva contains an enzyme able to digest carbohydrates, and pasta is all about carbohydrates; this way it is going to be easier for your stomach to digest the pasta (6).
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- Wytiaz V, Homko C, Duffy F, Schey R, Parkman HP. Foods provoking and alleviating symptoms in gastroparesis: patient experiences. Dig Dis Sci, 2015;60(4):1052-1058
- Betônico CC, Cobello AV, Santos-Bezerra DP, de A Leite AZ, Correa-Giannella ML, Nery M, et al. Diet consistency modification improves postprandial glycemic and gastroparesis symptoms. J Diabetes Metab Disord, 2022;21(2):1661–7.
- Jia P, Luo M, Li Y, Zheng J-S, Xiao Q, Luo J. Fast-food restaurant, unhealthy eating, and childhood obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev, 2021;22 Suppl 1(S1):e12944.
- Usai-Satta P, Bellini M, Morelli O, Geri F, Lai M, Bassotti G. Gastroparesis: New insights into an old disease. World J Gastroenterol, 2020;26(19):2333-2348.
- Freitas D, Le Feunteun S. Oro-gastro-intestinal digestion of starch in white bread, wheat-based and gluten-free pasta: Unveiling the contribution of human salivary α-amylase. Food Chem, 2019;274:566–73.