Can you eat jackfruit raw?

In this article, we will answer the question: can you eat jackfruit raw? Next, we will discuss how jackfruit can be consumed raw, the nutritional profile of jackfruit, the benefits of consuming it and if anyone can consume jackfruit.  

Can you eat jackfruit raw?

Yes, you can eat jackfruit raw. The seeds and pulp of the jackfruit can be consumed and the fully ripe pulp can be consumed directly from the fruit (1).

Jackfruit has a characteristic flavor and is a heavy fruit maintained by a central fibrous structure that varies in size (2). Depending on the variety, the color of the bulb can be cream, white, light yellow, yellow, deep yellow, lemon yellow or orange (3).

Jackfruit fruits are large and varied with a length of 30–100 cm (10–40 inches) and a diameter of 15–50 cm (6–20 inches) and can weigh 10–25 kg (22–55 lbs) (2). About 30% of the weight of the fruit is occupied by the pulp (3). 

It is worth mentioning that there are two main varieties of jackfruit: hard and soft. In the hard variety, the perianth remains firm even at full maturity, while in the soft variety the perianths become soft and fleshy at ripening.

In general, jackfruit has a characteristic taste and is highly packed with essential vitamins, sugars, minerals, and active phytochemicals and it is commonly consumed in the tropics (1). Numerous health benefits are associated with the consumption of jackfruits which would be discussed in detail in the following texts.

When should jackfruit be consumed?

Jackfruit should be enjoyed as early as possible when it reaches maturity, as it can develop very sharp flavors. Therefore, it is customary to harvest the fruit when it is firm and semi-ripened before ripening on the tree and then store until it is soft and in conditions for processing (4).

The ripe jackfruit presents a yellowish green color, there is a dull and hollow sound produced when the fruit is touched, and a characteristic and intense odor is developed (1).

How can raw jackfruit be consumed?

When ripe, the inside of a jackfruit is bright yellow, and the fruit is mostly made up of huge pods. Once the pods have been separated from the jackfruit’s rind and core, the seeds can be extracted (although the seeds are edible too). So all you have to eat is the luscious, yellow flesh (1).

When fully mature, you can make a juice of jackfruit of good eating quality with appropriate scent, texture, sweetness, and flavor (4). 

What are the other ways to consume jackfruit?

Cooking jackfruit

Cooked jackfruit can be used as a vegetable in savory recipes. Raw jackfruit flesh has a neutral flavor and a meaty texture, making it a popular meat alternative in vegetarian or vegan recipes. It can be cooked till tender by boiling, steaming, stir-frying, or pressure cooking. It can be seasoned and used in curries, stews, salads, or even as a filler for sandwiches or tacos once cooked (1,5).

Roasting jackfruit

Raw jackfruit can be roasted in an oven or over an open flame. This approach imparts a smokey flavor and a slightly burnt texture to the jackfruit. The outer skin is peeled off after roasting, and the edible flesh is separated and devoured. It is frequently consumed as a snack or used as an ingredient in recipes (2,5).

Pickling jackfruit

You can pickle raw jackfruit when the fruit is soft as well. The flesh is sliced into small pieces and marinated with spices, vinegar, and salt for a period of time. Pickled jackfruit serves as a tart and tasty condiment (7).

Sweets of jackfruit

Raw jackfruit can be used in sweets as well. Sweetened and baked, the flesh can be used as a filling in pies, cakes, or sweet dumplings. It can also be combined into smoothies or used as an ice cream topper. Ripe jackfruit can have the pulp processed, dehydrated and sold as a powder that is used for juices, sweets, cookies, jelly, caramel, paste, bar and nectar (5,7).

Products, including jelly, jam and pumpkin, can maintain the desirable quality for up to six months and begin to deteriorate after 8 to 9 months, while the quality of pickles remains unchanged even after 12 months of storage (1).

Jackfruit is perishable and cannot be stored for long due to its inherent nature (5). The same happens with the seed, which has about 55% humidity, thus reducing the possibility of being stored for a long time (8). It is important to recognize how to conserve jackfruit

What is the nutritional profile of jackfruit?

The nutritional profile of jackfruit is summarized in the table below based on 100 g of edible portion (1,2,5,10).

Table 1: Nutritional profile of jackfruit for 100 g of edible portion

NutrientUnripe fruitRipe fruit
Vitamin A (mg)30175-540
Vitamin B1 (mg)0.05-0.150.03-0.09
Vitamin B2 (mg)0.05-0.20.05-0.4
Vitamin C (mg)12.0-14.07.0-10.0
Energy (kilojoule)50-21088-410
Protein (g)2.0 – 2.61.2 – 1.9
Calcium (mg)88-41020.0 – 37.0
Magnesium (mg)27.0
Potassium (mg)287-32338.0 – 41.0
Iron (mg)0.4-1.90.5-1.1
Water (g)76.2 – 85.272.0 – 94.0
Protein (g)2.0 – 2.61.2 – 1.9
Carbohydrate (g)9.4 – 11.516.0 – 25.4
Fiber (g)2.6 – 3.61.0 – 1.5
Total sugars (g)20.6
Total minerals (g)0.90.87 – 0.9

Does the nutritional profile of jackfruit change when it is cooked?

The nutritional profile of jackfruit can undergo some changes when it is cooked. While the calorie content of jackfruit remains relatively stable when cooked, when it comes to macronutrient composition, the cooking method and added ingredients can affect the overall. 

For example, if jackfruit is cooked in oil or served with high-fat sauces, the fat content and calorie count can increase. The carbohydrate and protein content of jackfruit generally remain consistent.

Cooking methods such as boiling or steaming can cause some loss of water-soluble vitamins, like vitamin C and certain B vitamins. However, other vitamins and minerals remain relatively stable. The extent of nutrient loss during cooking can vary depending on the specific cooking time, temperature, and method used (11,12).

What are the benefits of consuming jackfruit?

One should eat jackfruit because it is beneficial to health in several ways. Jackfruit has antibacterial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anthelmintic properties (10). Fruits are for dietary use and are an important source of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins (10).

Jackfruit is rich in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, iron, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin and vitamin C (2, 5). Jackfruit is also a good source of vitamin C, which protects the skin from damage from the natural aging process and prolonged exposure to the sun (1).

The magnesium present in jackfruit is important for calcium absorption and helps strengthen bones and prevents diseases such as osteoporosis. Iron helps prevent anemia and aids in blood circulation (1).

The seeds are rich in carbohydrates, minerals, carboxylic acids, fiber, vitamins and minerals (2).

Jackfruit contains functional compounds that can reduce various diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, strokes and bone loss (1).

Jackfruit contains many classes of phytochemicals, such as carotenoids, flavonoids, volatile acids, sterols, and tannins, with varying concentrations depending on the variety (1). Jackfruit also has a high fiber content (3.6 g/100 g) and helps improve the digestive system and produces smooth bowel movements (2, 5).

The pulp of ripe jackfruit contains 1.9 g of protein per 100 g. The protein concentration of jackfruit seeds can range from 5.3 to 6.8% (10). This characteristic makes jackfruit a good option to replace protein in vegan recipes.

Can everyone eat jackfruit?

While jackfruit is generally safe to consume, there are a few risks associated with consuming raw jackfruit, especially if you are not accustomed to it or have certain medical conditions. 

Some individuals might show an allergic reaction to phytonutrients in jackfruit. Due to the high level of potassium in jackfruit, people with cardiovascular disorders such as hypertension and also those with renal disorders should avoid jackfruit (1). Some others do not recommend the consumption of jackfruit by pregnant women (13). 


In this article, we answered the question: can you eat jackfruit raw? Then, we discussed how jackfruit can be consumed raw, the nutritional profile of jackfruit, the benefits of consuming it and if anyone can consume jackfruit.  


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9. A. U. Khan., et al. Management of insect pests and diseases of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus l.) in agroforestry system: a review. Acta Entomology and Zoology. 2021; 2 (1): 37–46. 

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11. Yadav, S., et al. Vitamins and Minerals: A Review on Processing Losses and Strategies to Control It. MCDA, 2023, 12(2).

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13. Chakrabarti, S., & Chakrabarti, A. Food taboos in pregnancy and early lactation among women living in a rural area of West Bengal. Journal of family medicine and primary care. 2019; 8(1): 86.