In this brief guide, we will address the query, “Can you eat flatbread without cooking?” We will also discuss the dangers of eating raw dough and the types of flatbread.
Can you eat flatbread without cooking?
No, you can’t eat flatbread without cooking it. Eating raw flatbread can make you sick as well as cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. Flatbread has complexity and flavor that only builds up through cooking, eating flatbread raw isn’t going to be very pleasant either.
As much as there are recipes that use cold flatbread, it is necessary that it cooks first and cools down, ensuring safety by thermally treating the ingredients as well as the texture and flavor of your favorite recipe.
Why eating raw dough can be dangerous?
Uncooked flatbread is a raw dough and like any raw food, it can contain pathogens that are dangerous to our body, which can be a source of food contamination as well as some diseases.
Wheat flour is made of ground wheat and is processed according to its intended use. Commercial flour does not usually undergo any heat treatment and therefore it may contain E.Coli bacteria that are harmful to our intestinal flora.
Another factor of attention is referring to flatbreads made with eggs. Eggs are foods that, when consumed raw or unpasteurized, can transmit Salmonellosis, an infection that can result in death. Sweets that are made with raw yolks use pasteurized yolks to avoid this danger, but flatbreads are usually consumed cooked and do not follow the same protocol as these sweets.
Some flatbread doughs are made with milk or yogurt that have a very rich medium for the growth of good and bad bacteria and for that they must be consumed within a short time and kept under refrigeration. The presence of dairy in the flatbread dough can make it even more prone to contamination.
The consumption of foods that have not undergone heat treatment can be very dangerous and the mildest symptoms are diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting.
What are the types of flatbread?
Flatbreads are flatbreads eaten with various fillings, usually rolled in them. They can be leavened or not and some are vegan while others have eggs and milk added to their dough. Meet nine types of flatbread:
- Chapati: of Indian origin, it is made with whole flour and is very popular in wraps, soups, or just with ghee spread over it.
- Focaccia: an Italian leavened dough that is usually baked with various toppings such as herbs, meats, and cheeses, which is shaped by pressing your fingers into the top of the bread, before adding the toppings and taking it to the oven.
- Frybread: Created by the Navajo people, Frybread is a bread that is fried in oil or fat and resembles a giant flattened salty donut. It is eaten with soup, with jellies, or topped with beef.
- Lavash: A very soft dough when hot and hard as crushed stone when cold. This Armenian flatbread can be used to make wraps and sandwiches or broken into pieces to eat as a snack.
- Matzah: A yeast-free flatbread made especially for the Passover holiday. Made with just flour and water, rolled out until thin, and then cooked until crispy. It is consumed by Jews all over the world in a multitude of recipes.
- Naan: soft, pillowy flatbread native to West and South Asia, Naan is a leavened bread baked in an oven called a tandoor that is eaten stuffed or as a wrap.
- Pita: The popular Mediterranean flatbread is eaten in kebabs or dipped into sauces like hummus or baba ganoush.
- Roti: Made with a whole flour, it is originally from South Asia and is traditionally cooked on a concave grill called Tawa and flavored before cooking with peppers or coconut.
- Tortillas: Made from wheat or corn, tortillas are originally from Central America and have changed with the influences of colonization. They can be crunchy or soft according to cooking and can be used in tacos, fajitas, burritos, and wraps in general.
How to cook flatbread?
Each flatbread has its correct way of preparation, but sometimes we don’t have the means, as is the case with Lavash which is traditionally cooked against the hot walls of a clay oven, but we can adapt and cook flatbreads in:
- A pan: Warm and practical, it can be a possibility to make a few units of your flatbread quickly.
- Directly on the gas burner: Some flatbreads are traditionally made this way, if the dough allows it, it can be a way to get more crunchiness.
- In the oven: the oven is a way to prepare several tortillas at once. Using the proper support it is possible to prepare practically all types of flatbread.
- An air Fry Oven: Just like the oven, an alternative to preparing several at the same time, with the benefit of being crunchier than in the conventional oven.
Other FAQs about Bread that you may be interested in.
In this brief guide, we have addressed the query, “Can you eat flatbread without cooking?” We have also discussed the dangers of eating raw dough and the types of flatbread.
Hope you found this blog useful. If you have any questions, please let us know.