Can you eat European plums?

In this brief guide, we will answer the query, “can you eat European plums?”. We will also talk about the health benefits of eating European plums and the ways of keeping them fresh for longer.

Can you eat European plums?

Yes, European plums like other varieties of plums can be eaten. They are sweet and juicy when ripe and are jam-packed with nutrients which are beneficial for good health.

European plums can be eaten raw or can be devoured by turning them into jams, jellies, or canned. The plums are low in calories and fat-free and are rich in antioxidants that are needed for good health.

European plums are a kind of stone fruit which means there is a large pit in the middle surrounded by flesh and skin. One should be mindful to not eat or swallow the pit since it can cause health hazards and choking.

Eating too many plums should also be avoided as it can cause the digestive system to react. Diarrhoea, upset stomach, and vomiting can happen due to sorbitol, a sugar alcohol in fruits that causes gases and bloating.

What are European plums?

European plums (Prunus domestica) are domesticated species of plum trees. These are widely cultivated around the globe in temperate areas. 

The fruit ripens between spring and fall and harvesting is done between May and September.

European plums are small, oval, and purple in colour and are best eaten by making jams, jellies, or canned. Since they have firmer flesh, they are the best choice as they hold up shape.

The ripe European plum is very sweet, flavorful, and juicy. It smells fruity and is soft when ripe but will be soft and squishy if they are overripe. Also, the unripe plums have no smell to them and are hard and green in colour.

Are Japanese and European plums the same?

As the name suggests, Japanese and European plums are not the same as they have different colours, textures, and flavour quotients. 

Japanese plums are big, red, juicy, and plump compared to their European counterparts which are smaller, oval, and purple in colour.

European plums have firmer flesh and are often made into jellies and jam or canned while the Japanese plums are eaten fresh.

How to store European plums?

The European plums should be left to sit at room temperature until ripened. Placing the unripe plums in the fridge will slow the ripening process by a few days. 

Once the plums are ripe, place them in the airtight container and store them in the fridge. They can last for 4-5 days in the fridge if stored properly.

If you happen to have cut plums or want to store cut plums for future consumption, then remove the pits and the fruit in chunks and store them in an airtight container. This will last for about 3-4 days in the fridge.

The European plums can be stored in the freezer too in an airtight container or a zip lock bag and can stay safe for 8 months whilst making sure they are completely sealed in an airtight container or a zip lock bag.

What are the health benefits of eating European plums?

European plums are a good source of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin K, and folate and are good for one’s health.

Reduce blood sugar

Plums boost the production of adiponectin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels.

Relieve constipation

European plums along with other varieties of plum are rich in sorbitol, a sugar alcohol that acts like a natural laxative. So eating plums will surely help with constipation relief.

Reduces stress and anxiety levels

European plums are a rich source of antioxidants which are responsible to protect the body against cell and tissue damage. When the antioxidants are high, the stress and anxiety levels are low.

Healthy heart

The nutrients and phytochemicals that are abundant in European plums help lower the inflammation that triggers heart diseases.

Are European plums the new superfood?

It is not just the European plums but plums, in general, are lauded for being the new superfood. 

European plums have similar or more levels of antioxidants as the blueberries, one plum has the equal amount of antioxidants as a handful of blueberries.

Antioxidants are the vital chemical compounds found in the human body that helps keep the cells alive and to fight against ailments like cancer and ageing.


In this brief guide, we answered the query, “can you eat European plums?”. We also talked about the health benefits of eating European plums and the ways of keeping them fresh for longer.

I hope you find this blog useful. If you have any questions, please let us know.


Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.