Can table salt be used to melt ice?

In this article, we will answer the question “Can table salt be used to melt ice?”, and how does salt affect the freezing point of water?

Can table salt be used to melt ice?

Yes, table salt can be used to melt ice. The composition of the ice melt salt and the table salt is the same. Both of these salts are made up of Sodium Chloride (NaCl). The only difference is that the ice melt salt is not ground and processed due to which it appears discolored. 

Table salt, rock salt, and ice melt salt differ in the size of their flakes. However, It is not recommended to use table salt to melt ice or snow because you will need it in large amounts. Thus It will cost you a lot. Ice melt salt, on the other hand, is very cost-effective.

5 homemade ways to melt ice 

Table salt 

Table salt comes to the rescue If you do not have rock salt in your kitchen. Table salt reduces the freezing point of water which melts ice. You should know that table salt, when used in large amounts to melt tice, will be harmful to grass and plant life. Epsom salt is a safe but expensive alternative.


Sugar can’t be used to melt large areas of the ice. Because It is quite expensive. The working principle of sugar is the same as salt i.e It melts ice by depressing its freezing point.

Rubbing alcohol 

Rubbing alcohol or isopropyl alcohol is a very common ingredient of de-icing products sold commercially. With a freezing point of  -20 degrees Fahrenheit, rubbing alcohol does not melt the ice as effectively as salt.  

However, It can be used to melt ice in smaller areas since It is safe for plant life. Besides, rubbing alcohol when used in large amounts can be toxic. It can irritate the eyes, skin, and lungs. 


Fertilizer or compost contains ammonium sulfate, potassium chloride, or urea. It works slowly but It is a safe alternative to melt ice.

Beet juice 

Beet juice mixed with water-based salt brine can work as an excellent de-icer. Combine 20% of beet juice and 80% of salt brine. Pour this liquid mixture over the ice. 

The beet juice aids the salt brine in depressing the freezing point of the water. When the ice starters to melt, rinse the area with soap and water to prevent staining. 

How salt affects the freezing point of water?

When the water molecules do not have enough energy to maintain a liquid state, they are forced into a solid ice form due to the electrostatic forces between the molecules. 

When the ice is heated, the molecules gain energy to escape the electrostatic forces binding them together into a solid form of ice. 

These two processes exist in equilibrium at the freezing point which is 32 F or 0 C. When salt is sprinkled over ice, It fills in the space between the water molecules forcing them to exist in a liquid state. 

This breaks the equilibrium and more water molecules are now converting and existing in the liquid form. The salt continues to decrease the freezing point of the water this way until a point of saturation is reached. 

Other FAQs about Salt which you may be interested in.

Can cats have salt?

Can table salt go bad?

No, salt does not go bad. It does not expire either. Salt has an indefinite shelf-life If stored correctly. Salt comes with a best-by date rather than an expiry date. Salt remains good past the best-by date under proper storage conditions. 

Salt has excellent preservative properties due to which you would hardly see any frozen meal or processed food without salt in it. From curing to pickling and fermentation, salt is an important seasoning. Read on If you want to know how to store salt.

How to store salt?

Whether the salt is additive-free or not, It needs to be stored correctly to keep it safe. Since salt is hygroscopic, therefore, water is the worst enemy of the quality of salt. 

Salt can absorb moisture, steam, and any unwanted odors easily. To avoid this problem, salt must be kept in an air-tight container or a pouch. 

A grinder or salt shaker will also work since It is air-tight and accommodates only a small amount of salt which will be used up quickly. Keep the salt away from heat sources like direct sunlight and the stovetop. 

The rule of thumb is to store the salt in a cool, dry, and dark place away from heat and anything that has a strong smell.


In this article, we answered the question “Can table salt be used to melt ice?”, and how does salt affect the freezing point of water?


Hello, I'm Sana Ameer. I'm a student of Food Science and Technology at UVAS. I like to bake and I aspire to become a Food blogger.