Can Russian tortoises eat carrots? 

In this brief article, we will answer the question, “Can Russian tortoises eat carrots?” the nutritional value of carrots, and the benefits of consuming carrots.

Can Russian tortoises eat carrots?

Yes, Russian tortoises can eat carrots. Do not feed excess carrot tops to the Russian tortoises because carrot tops are a source of oxalic acid. This oxalic acid can interfere with calcium metabolism and cause kidney or bladder stones.

Baby carrots can also be provided to the tortoises. Baby carrots are washed in chlorine to remove bacteria. So make sure to rinse them thoroughly in water before you feed them to your tortoises.

How can carrots be provided to Russian tortoises?

  • It is important to provide carrots that are organically grown or even produced in your garden as organically grown ones do not have chemicals.
  • Wash the carrots properly before providing the carrots to them. This would remove the dirt and debris stuck to the carrots.
  • Russian tortoises can consume both carrot tops as well as carrot stems. You can chop the carrots thoroughly and combine them with other veggies before feeding them to the tortoise. This will ensure that a balanced diet is given to the tortoise.
  • Use a tortoise slab to feed the tortoise.
  • Remove unwanted leftovers from the tortoise slab.

What is the nutritional value of carrots?

The nutritional value of carrots can be provided through the following chart.

Type of nutrientsNutritional value
Vitamin B48.8 mg
Vitamin C5.9 mg
Vitamin B30.98 mg
Vitamin E 0.6 mg
Vitamin B60.13 mg
Vitamin B50.27 mg
Vitamin B10.06 mg
Vitamin B20.05 mg
Vitamin A 837 mcg
Energy40 kcals
Carbohydrates10 gms
Protein1 gms
Fat0.3 gms
Fiber2.7 gms
Manganese0.1 mg
Iron0.3 mg
Zinc0.24 mg
Calcium32 mg
Phosphorus30 mg
Potassium320 mg

What are some advantages of feeding carrots to Russian tortoises?

  • The water present in carrots can help in maintaining the hydration levels in the tortoise’s body. Provide clean water to the tortoises and it should be devoid of any impurities. Carrots contain 87% of water content.

Although you can provide water to fulfill the tortoise’s requirement of water, half of the requirement of water can be met through carrots or other veggies too. 

This does not mean that you have replaced the entire water with veggies. Provide clean water to the tortoises as well.

  • Tortoises require an ample amount of fiber in their diet to obtain energy. Carbohydrates obtained through the breakdown of fibers would provide energy to them.

Carrots would provide fiber to the tortoises which can be used for energy metabolism.

  • Tortoise requires enough phosphorus and calcium to maintain its shell and prevent the shell from becoming distorted easily. 

Excess levels of phosphorus can impair the absorption of calcium. The ratio of calcium to phosphorus should be 1:1 or 2:1. Carrots have a ratio of 1:1 which allows both calcium and phosphorus absorption.

  • Other trace minerals found in carrots include chlorine, sodium, magnesium, and potassium.
  • Vitamins also aid in the proper health and development of the tortoise. There are two types of vitamins namely fat-soluble and water-soluble. 

Vitamin A is the fat-soluble vitamin required by tortoises specifically for the maintenance of eye health and the immune system.

Deficiency of vitamin A can result in swelling/ inflammation of the eyes, reduced immunity, and reduced beak development of the tortoise. It can also promote the thickening of the skin’s layers and swelling of the limbs.

As a result, it is better to provide carrots to Russian tortoises as they contain beta carotene. 

Vitamin E present in carrots acts as an antioxidant and helps in reducing oxidative stress.

What other foods can be provided to Russian tortoises?

Russian tortoises are herbivores. The diet provided to the tortoises can include dark leafy greens along with carrot tops, collard greens, Romaine lettuce, mustard greens, kale, and beet greens.

Squash and bell peppers can also bring a variety to their diet. Fruits like bananas, figs, strawberries, and apples can also be provided to the tortoises.

It is important to incorporate variety in the diet of the tortoise so that the tortoise obtains enough amount of nutrition. Grasses and hays that are given to horses can also be provided to tortoises and this would provide them with an added amount of fiber in the diet.

Russian tortoises might also need supplementation of vitamin D and calcium. This supplementation would especially be required for females and young Russian tortoises.


In this brief article, we have answered the question, “Can Russian tortoises eat carrots?” the nutritional value of carrots, and the benefits of consuming carrots.


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