Can coffee grow in the US? (3 Things you didn’t know)

In this brief guide, we will answer the question, can coffee grow in the US? We will discuss the regions in the US which grow the coffee plant. We will discuss the environmental conditions and economic factors that govern whether coffee can grow in the US.

Can coffee grow in the US?

Coffee can grow in two places in the US; Hawaii and Puerto Rico. In Hawaii, coffee grows in Maui; other main growers of coffee are the states California, Georgia, and Santa Barbara. Hawaii and California are the areas that grow coffee at a commercial level.

Why is coffee growing in the US such an exciting yet dubious prospect?

The US is one of the countries that consume the most coffee. As a wakeful beverage and performance-enhancing drug, most Americans cannot live without it. The US makes it to one of the top ten countries to consume the most coffee. 

Coffee affects both the brain and the body and causes positive physiological changes to the body. Coffee has caffeine, chlorogenic acid, and tannins; most compounds in the beverage benefit the body.

Coffee is grown in countries that lie on or near the equator. As a tropical crop, coffee needs a moderate temperature and heavy rainfall. The state of California seems apt but misses the threshold for rain. California receives 15-30 inches of rain a year while the crop should get between 40 to 60. 

The US is also a deficit in farmers who are Latin American. Latin Americans accept a low wage, unlike California citizens who expect to get paid more. After harvesting, the crucial process that follows is roasting.

Roasters are people who buy coffee from harvesters and then roast them. The roasters who purchase have less demand than the quantity that is grown. 

Other economic factors come into play when it comes to growing coffee in the US. The foremost problem is that irrigation is needed to supplement the deficit in the rainfall.

Coffee farming comes with a major loophole in production cost in the US.

To make up for cost, Hawaiian farmers adulterate 90 percent of the best-selling coffee. As the coffee offered by Latin America is already famous and thriving, the competition for American coffee is brutal. Amid all the effort and money, buying coffee produced in the US is not practical for an average US citizen. Not only, American coffee will cost twice more than what people are used to, but it also might not make the mark to the standard and quality that they are already used to.

What are some things you must know about the coffee plant?

Coffee is grown in high-altitude areas where the countries experience a tropical climate near the equator. The equator is referred to as The Bean Belt as the regions encourage the plantation of bean plants including, coffee.

All around the world, 70 countries produce coffee, from which the countries share the largest exports are Honduras, Indonesia, Colombia, Vietnam, and Brazil.

Even though Asia, Africa, and Brazil grow most of the coffee consumed in the entire world, the US has started to grow some in its own country too.

In actuality, 90 percent of all the coffee consumed in the US; is harvested from the country. 

Let us shed light on the current status of coffee harvesting:

California 

The state of California also has 30 farms dedicated to the coffee plant. The state has 30000 coffee trees throughout Santa Barbara and San Diego areas.

In Southern California, where the avocadoes grow, the coffee plantation has started alongside. 

Hawaii

Hawaii is home to one of the most expensive coffees owing to the black, volcanic soil. Although Hawaii produces coffee all year round, the season flourishes, especially after summer.

Hawaii has around 7000 acres of land, where it produces one of its most precious commodities. In the year 2009, Hawaii produced 8.6 million pounds of coffee.

Kope or Kona is one of the most expensive coffees you can buy in the US. Kona is a district in Hawaii, where the coffee grows. Pure hundred percent Kona has a well-rounded and fulfilling taste of coffee. Kona has a nutty note and a fruity taste. 

A scrupulous process of growing and processing the Kona Coffee is carried during the late winters and early spring. Hawaii has a well-suited climate with fertile land and volcanic soil that could harvest the coffee plant.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico used to be the sixth-largest manufacturer of coffee in the 19th century. Puerto Rico declined in coffee harvesting due to climate change and hurricanes, but it still holds ground for its high-quality Arabica beans. 

In this brief guide, we answered the question, can coffee grow in the US? We discussed the regions in the US which grow the coffee plant. We also discussed the environmental conditions and economic factors that govern whether coffee can grow in the US.

Citations

https://coffeeordie.com/american-coffee/
https://www.thrillist.com/shopping/beach-essentials-that-wont-create-more-plastic-waste
https://www.ncausa.org/about-coffee/coffee-around-the-world

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.