Can apples grow in Florida?

In this brief guide, we’ll address the query: “Can apples grow in Florida?” Also, we’ll discuss where apples are ideally grown, how apples are grown and list some important facts about apple production. 

Can apples grow in Florida? 

Yes, apple trees may grow in Florida. Although ideally, apples are grown in states with cooler climates and more chill hours (hours during which the temperature is low, between 0-7°C.)  

While apple trees themselves may grow modestly in the balmy weather of Florida, their production of apple fruits may not be ideal. Cold temperatures are necessary to break down dormancy hormones and stimulate flowering that will occur during the next growth cycle. 

Without enough chill hours, the signaling mechanisms will be altered, resulting in irregular flower blossoming and as a result, very poor apple yields. 

In actuality, scientists strive to develop apple varieties that balance requiring fewer chill hours and high blossoming. 

There has been some success, as there are varieties such as Dorsett Golden, TropicSweet, and Anna, that require as little as 300 to 400 chill hours during the winter, which may be accumulated in some parts of northern Florida. 

Where are apples ideally grown? 

Apples are ideally cultivated in temperate regions that have low temperatures in the winter, mild summers, and medium to high humidity. Average temperatures should oscillate between  14-27°C, although the absolute temperature range for apple tree growth extends to 8-33°C. 

In the USA, the top 5 apple-producing states of 2021 were California, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Pennsylvania. 

Other notable apple-producing states include Washington, Virginia, North Carolina, and Idaho.  All of the aforementioned states are of a notably different climate than Florida, which should further outline apple trees’ optimal growth conditions. 

Most apple varieties require nearly 800 chill hours to have adequate flower production in the spring, and need to be cultivated in well-drained soil, with seasonal dry spells, and a low chance of waterlogging.  

However, advances in plant breeding have enabled the development of apple varieties that require fewer chill hours, and as a result, may be modestly cultivated in warmer regions.

While it remains to be seen whether or not apples can be grown at a commercial scale in Floridian orchards, it may be possible for some trees to be cultivated at a small scale, with proper maintenance and gardening practices. 

How are apples grown? 

Apples are grown on trees, which are cultivated in orchards, which are farms that are specially designed for the cultivation of tree-borne produce. 

As apple trees should have many productive cycles and will require various activities such as fertilizing, pruning, and controlling pests and diseases, they require capable workers who’ll ensure that the trees not only survive but more importantly, that they live on for many years and produce many quality apples.   

Additionally, some orchards may also carry out nursery practices, which may entail cultivating and propagating new apple trees, grafting new apple trees onto rootstocks, and replacing old or sickly trees with healthier germplasm. 

Once an orchard has been established and is fully operational with trees that bear fruits, apples can be harvested from early August through September.  

Once harvested, they are sorted out on a basis of quality, with high-quality apples being shipped to farmer’s markets, convenience stores, and even exported to other countries, while other apples may be processed and made into beverages, preserves, and even sold as feed for farm animals. 

What are some important facts about apple production? 

Some important facts regarding apple production include: 

  • All around the world, around 7500 varieties of apples exist, but only around 2500 are grown in the USA
  • Apple trees take around four to five years to produce their first apple, from the moment the seeds emerge until the first fruit is formed.
  • In the USA, the average Apple orchard has an extension of about 50 acres.
  • On average, an apple tree can yield 820 pounds of fruit.
  • Once harvested, many apples are then coated in wax to extend their shelf life and slow down the exchange of gasses (breathing).
  • Fruit trees whose production is in full swing may require thinning; which consists of removing some flower blossoms, to direct the tree into concentrating energy and nutrients to a few quality fruits.
  • Climate change may make it more difficult to obtain high yields, rising temperatures may reduce the number of chill hours apple trees require to produce flower blossoms, and that may reflect in poor fruit harvests. 

Other FAQs about Apples that you may be interested in.

Can you eat the whole of an apple? (1 Reason you should)

How long do caramel apples last unrefrigerated?

How long do caramel apples last?

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we’ve addressed the query: “Can apples grow in Florida?” Also, we’ve discussed where apples are ideally grown, how apples are grown and listed some important facts about apple production. 

References

https://web.extension.illinois.edu/apples/facts.cfm

https://www.almanac.com/plant/apples

https://extension.psu.edu/apple-production

https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/apples#:~:text=The%20top%20ten%20apple%20producing,U.S.%20Apple%20Association%2C%202021).

https://www.orangepippintrees.com/articles/fruit-tree-advice/growing-apple-trees-in-the-north-american-climate

https://ecocrop.review.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/dataSheet?id=1407

https://gaez.fao.org/pages/ecocrop-find-plant

https://ucanr.edu/blogs/blogcore/postdetail.cfm?postnum=16468

https://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/plants/edibles/fruits/apples.html#:~:text=Apples%20were%20once%20only%20grown,successfully%20grow%20apples%20as%20well.

https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/apples#:~:text=32%20states%20in%20the%20United,U.S.%20Apple%20Association%2C%202021).

https://usapple.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/USAppleProductionEstimate2021.pdf

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-climate-change-hurt-this-years-apple-harvest/#:~:text=Climate%20change%20made%20it%20worse,released%20by%20the%20Agriculture%20Department.

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!