Can apple cider vinegar cure trichomoniasis?
This brief article will address the query: “Can apple cider vinegar cure trichomoniasis? Also, we’ll discuss what trichomoniasis is, why apple cider vinegar is thought to cure trichomoniasis, why apple cider vinegar should not be used to treat trichomoniasis, and how to properly treat trichomoniasis.
Can apple cider vinegar cure trichomoniasis?
No, apple cider vinegar cannot and should not be used to cure trichomoniasis. Acetic acid, which is an organic acid found in apple cider vinegar, has antimicrobial properties, but thus far, there have been no studies that validate its effectiveness against trichomoniasis.
Therefore, it is not recommended as a treatment, and we advise readers not to experiment with it, as it may cause burning and result in serious lesions. (1)
What is trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by an infestation of single-celled parasites.
These parasites are protozoa, which means that they’re neither bacteria nor fungi, and are made up of only one cell. This is essentially a parasite of urogenital tracts which means that in women; it infects the feminine areas including the, vulva, cervix, and urethra, and in men, it may be found in the urethra and prostate.
However, in some instances, signs of Trich have also been found on hands, in the mouth, and the anus.
Infections by this parasite are often asymptomatic (those infected have no signs or symptoms), as only 30% of diagnoses cases reported having developed symptoms, and it is more common in women than it is in men, and it is more often found in older than younger women.
Symptoms of Trich differ between men and women but may include:
- Itching or a burning sensation (in men; inside the penis and in women; in the feminine anatomy, including the vulva, and cervix)
- Both symptomatic men and women may experience discomfort when urinating
- Discharge from the urethra, and in women, from the feminine area. For the latter, this discharge may have a fetid odor and a yellow-greenish coloring.
If left untreated, the infection will not subside and may even last for years, during which carriers may spread it to other sexual partners.
The infection may lead to other complications in women; preterm labor and low weight have been reported in pregnant women infected with Trich.
Additionally, the lesions caused by Trich may predispose infected individuals to other pathogens that may lead to other diseases, such as syphilis, HIV, and HPV.
In men, Trich has been associated with swelling of the urethra and prostate. (2- 4)
Why is apple cider vinegar thought to be a cure for trichomoniasis?
Apple cider vinegar has some antimicrobial properties; as it is used in pickling, where it discourages the growth of food spoilage microbes.
In some studies, it has been shown to inhibit the growth of biofilm-producing microorganisms (such as plankton), and it is being reviewed as a possible topic treatment for patients in burn wards, who require dressings and cleanliness of their injuries.
Of course, the dosage and formulation are still a matter for researchers to review, but there is potential for apple cider vinegar to be used as an antimicrobial solution.
However, in the case of trichomoniasis, there is no solid, scientifically-backed evidence to support the claim that it can cure trichomoniasis. (5)
Why should apple cider vinegar not be used to treat trichomoniasis?
Apple cider vinegar should not be used to treat trichomoniasis because the acetic acid present in it may inflict caustic burns on the delicate skin of the genital area.
Due to their location, these burns may become septic or may facilitate the entry of other disease-causing pathogens, after which, they will require professional medical treatment to make sure they heal properly and treatment for other diseases that may develop. (1, 5, 6)
How is Trichomoniasis treated?
Once a patient has been diagnosed with Trichomoniasis by a medical professional, he or she will be prescribed a course of antibiotic medication such as metronidazole.
Additionally, patients’ partners will be prescribed a course of medication, as they may be asymptomatic carriers.
Self-medication and home treatments are expressly discouraged, and we strongly advise readers to consult any doubts or questions they may have with a licensed medical practitioner.(2)
In this brief article, we’ve addressed the query: “Can apple cider vinegar cure trichomoniasis? Also, we’ve discussed what trichomoniasis is, why apple cider vinegar is thought to cure trichomoniasis, why apple cider vinegar should not be used to treat trichomoniasis, and how to properly treat trichomoniasis.
- Lauren Castiello, Rachel Nall, Is It Possible to Treat Trichomoniasis at Home?, Healthline Media LLC. 2020.
- Schwebke JR, Burgess D. Trichomoniasis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 17(4):794-803, table of contents. 2004.
- WebMD Editorial Contributors, Traci C. Johnson, Trichomoniasis (Trich). WebMD LLC, 2021
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. Trichomoniasis – CDC Basic Fact Sheet. 2022.
- Halstead FD, Rauf M, Moiemen NS, Bamford A, Wearn CM, Fraise AP, Lund PA, Oppenheim BA, Webber MA. The Antibacterial Activity of Acetic Acid against Biofilm-Producing Pathogens of Relevance to Burns Patients. PLoS One.10(9):e0136190. 2015.
- Pravasi, S. D. Acetic Acid. Encyclopedia of Toxicology, 33–35. 2014.