Are there sulfites in beer?

In this brief guide we will answer the question, “Are there sulfites in beer”? and will discuss why sulfites are present in beers and their side effects.

Are there sulfites in beer?

Yes, there are sulfites in beer.

As a result of fermentation, sulfites may be found in a variety of beverages and foods, including wine and beer.

Sulfites have been used as a food additive since 1664 and have been authorized for usage in the USA since the 1800s. Sulfites have been classified as “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration, even though only a small fraction of the population is believed to be susceptible to them.

Are sulfites in beer harmful to your health?

Sulfites are sulfur compounds found in hops and grapes naturally used in the making of beer and wine. They inhibit the growth of germs that cause cloudiness in the drink and convert the alcohol into vinegar. Extra sulfites are added to beers and wines, and some individuals report that this causes headaches. A dried apricot, on the other hand, has more sulfite than a glass of white wine.

Origin of sulfites

Sulfites are salts that have reacted with sulfuric acid. Sulfites might be any of the following in ingredient lists:

·         Sodium sulfite

·         Sodium bisulfite

·         Sodium metabisulfite

·         Sulfur dioxide

·         Potassium bisulfite

·         Potassium metabisulfite

To avoid discoloration, sulfites are used as a preservative in baked products, condiments, potatoes, and shrimps. They’re also used to keep the hues of dried fruits from lightning. Sulfites are also used by winemakers to avoid oxidation and preserve the freshness of their wines.

Some people have a sulfite food sensitivity, which can cause wheezing or breathing problems, but this is an uncommon occurrence. Sulfite sensitivity is greater in those who have asthma or who take steroid treatment.

Are sulfites being present in all beers?

The answer to this question varies depending on your location. Sulfite-containing beers are uncommon in the United States. Adding sulfites to beer is an uncommon occurrence. If sulfites reach 10 parts per million, the US Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) mandates all alcohols to be labeled. During fermentation, yeast produces around 3-5 ppm of natural sulfites, therefore adding sulfites as a preservative will increase the quantity to above 10 ppm.

As a result, most beers made in the United States will be sulfite-free. However, because sodium metabisulfite is frequently used as a preservative, you may discover sulfite-containing ciders made in the United States.

Sulfites can be lawfully added to beer in the United Kingdom (40 ppm/cask). Sulfites must be labeled in Australia and New Zealand if the level exceeds 10 ppm, regardless of whether the sulfites constitute an ingredient, processing aid, or preservative. The European Union is in the same boat. In Canada, sulfites in any form are permitted to add to any type of food.

If you’re not sure if a beer includes sulfites, check the label for a statement that says “contains sulfites,” or check the ingredients.

Is Sulfite present in Homebrewed Beer?

No, homebrewed beer will not contain a significant quantity of sulfites (if any at all). There would have to be a physical addition of sulfites to the beer for sulfites to be present. “But what about skunky, rotten egg-scented beers?” you could ask. What is it if it isn’t Sulphur?” When many strains of yeast are present in a fermenting beer, a sulfuric aroma is sometimes generated.

During vigorous fermentation, hydrogen sulfide gas is occasionally generated when the yeast eats any sulfur. Sulfides and sulfites, on the other hand, are not the same thing.

What alcoholic beverages are free of sulfites? Which ones have a large number of sulfites?

Let’s start with the fact that sulfites are present in many alcohols. Wine is the only alcoholic beverage that has been found to contain substantial levels of sulfites, a result of fermentation. However, certain wineries, such as Pierre Frick, Spartico Wines, Coturri Winery, Frey Vineyards, and Stellar Organics have decreased the use of sulfites to a minimal level.

Even though a wine label states that it contains no sulfites, trace quantities will remain due to fermentation.

Sulfites in red wine range from 156 to 163ppm. Low sulfite wine, on the other hand, will have around 20 ppm of sulfite. There is 48 ppm in wine vinegar.

Surprisingly, most beers contain less than 0.5ppm of sulfites. Unless sulfites were used as a preservative, of course.

Low sulfite beers

So, is there such a thing as sulfite-free or low-sulfite beer? Yes! It all depends on the type of beer you’re looking for. If you’re worried, look for organic beers manufactured without preservatives or check labels. When in doubt, choose a German beer, since it will never include sulfites or other preservatives.

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we answered the question, “Are there sulfites in beer”? and discussed why sulfites are present in beers and their side effects.

References

https://www.sciencefocus.com/science/are-the-sulphites-added-to-beer-and-wine-bad-for-you/
https://www.scielo.br/j/sa/a/GWx4G3W74nmrQCkxdXkn8DB/

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.