Are there bugs in bananas?

In this article, we will answer the question “Are there bugs in bananas?” and discuss different bugs found.

Are there bugs in bananas?

Yes, there are some bugs in bananas. The biggest herbaceous perennial plants on the planet are banana trees. Banana farms are cultivated for their fruit and may yield for up to 25 years. However, a variety of banana pests and illnesses, as well as environmental issues such as chilly temperatures and heavy winds, can derail a profitable plantation. Any of the issues that impact bananas may also affect home gardeners, therefore it’s critical to learn to recognize banana pests and illnesses so you can stop them in their tracks.

Banana tree insects

Banana tree insects can do little damage to a single plant or wreak havoc on a whole farm. Some of these banana pests are also disease carriers. Pest control on bananas necessitates early detection.

Banana aphids

Aphids on bananas are one example of a pest that can spread illness. These pests have a soft body, no wings, and are virtually black in color. Curled, shriveled foliage results from an aphid infestation. The insect can also infect the plant with banana bunchy top disease, which causes chlorotic leaf edges, brittle leaves, and, as the name implies, a bunchy top. Because ants tend to the aphid population, controlling the illness entails treatment for ants. Insecticides, soapy water, and horticultural oil can help control aphid populations, but if the plant has already developed bunchy disease, it is preferable to remove it. Because there are no chemical controls to prevent the spread of banana bunchy top, the only way to avoid it is to clear the plant of aphids. Alternatively, plant varieties that are less sensitive.

Banana weevils

Banana weevils are nocturnal pests that decrease fruit harvests and delay plant growth. They burrow into the corms, causing plants to wilt and fall over. Plant death and eventual destruction are the result. To combat weevils, spray the plant with neem powder and use an insecticide during planting time.

Coconut scale

Coconut scaling isn’t simply a concern for banana plants. They prey on a variety of hosts, including coconuts. Scales can be observed on the underside of leaves and other parts of the banana tree, causing tissue staining and leaf browning. The most effective control approach is biological control, such as the introduction of ladybugs.

Thrips

Banana plants are known to be infested by several distinct species of thrips, which can be treated with pesticides, soapy water, and oil.  

Nematodes

Nematodes are a serious issue for banana farmers. Nematodes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all prefer to eat banana plants. When used correctly, nematodes can safeguard a crop. If not, the land must be left fallow for a period of up to three years.

Diseases of Banana plants

Banana plant diseases are sometimes spread by insect pests; however, this is not always the case.

Banana bacterial wilt

Insects, agricultural machinery, other animals, and diseased rhizomes can all spread banana bacterial wilt. Yellow leaves appear first, then brown and die as illness progresses. The buds dry up and blacken if infection develops late in the fruiting process. Fruit ripens early and unevenly, with diseased fruit turning a rusty brown color. To inhibit the spread of male buds, sanitise garden tools and remove any extra male buds. Plants that have been infected should be removed and replaced with disease-free ones

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Black leaf streak

Also known as black sigatoka, is a fungal disease that thrives in humid environments. The wind disperses spores. Red/brown dots on the undersides of leaves and black or yellow bordered spots with a grey centre are the earliest indications. Fruit bunches do not grow correctly when the leaf surfaces perish. To manage black sigatoka, plantations apply fungicides, increase the distance between trees to promote circulation, and remove leaves that show indications of infection.

Cigar end rot

 Caused by either Verticillium fungus or Trachysphaera fungi. The tips of the banana (fingers) wrinkle, discolor, and begin to rot in the first scenario. The rotting regions get coated with white spores in the latter scenario, making the fingers resemble the ash end of a lit cigar. Commercial producers remove diseased blossoms from banana bunches, package them with perforated polyethylene, and use chemical control if necessary.

Moko disease

 Caused by the bacteria Ralstonia solanacearum, which causes chlorotic, wilted leaves and eventually the canopy and pseudostem to collapse. Insects or human contact can transmit it. Remove male buds, disinfect garden equipment, and kill any infected plants, as well as any nearby plants, if Moko is suspected.

Panama disease

Also known as fusarium wilt, is a fungus that infects roots, preventing the plant from absorbing nutrients and water. Foliage is also harmed, with older leaves withering, leaf sheath breaking, wilting, and final canopy death. This disease is a global danger to banana production because it spreads through the soil, irrigation water, and infected rhizomes. Once the trees have gotten diseased, there is no effective therapy; thus, they should be removed and killed.

Conclusion

In this article, we will answer the question “Are there bugs in bananas?” and discuss different bugs found.

 Reference

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/banana/problems-affecting-bananas.htm

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.