Are coffee beans edible?

         

In this short article we will answer the question, “Are coffee beans edible?” with an in-depth analysis of coffee beans such as how many coffee beans are to be consumed, the Pros and cons of eating coffee beans, how coffee beans are made, and nutritional profile.

Are coffee beans edible?

Yes, coffee beans are edible, but they should not be consumed in extra amounts. If eaten in moderation, coffee beans can be safe and healthy for humans.

Coffee beans are the seeds that belong to coffee plants. Coffee beans (like many other seeds) consist of a high number of certain compounds such as caffeine. Some people may choose to reduce the intake because they are either sensitive to caffeine, are pregnant or have a sensitive digestive tract.

What are coffee beans?

A Coffee bean seed belongs to the coffee plant and it is also the source for coffee. Two  of the most common and used vital varieties of coffee plants are the Arabica and the

Robusta; Moreover, worldwide the production of Arabica coffee is ~60% and ~40% is Robusta.

An Arabica and Robusta coffee bean consist of around 6mg and 12mg of caffeine respectively. Other components present in coffee beans are Caffeine, Magnesium, and it also contain some chemicals  such as Cafestol, Kahweol, Chlorogenic acid, Quinic acid,

Before coffee was developed as a beverage ( hot and cold coffee), its beans were often mixed with animal ‘ fat. Therefore, it was consumed to boost energy levels.

How much coffee beans can you consume? 

A normal person, who is not sensitive to intake of caffeine and is not pregnant, can safely consume from 200mg to 400mg in a day and that is equivalent to 4 cups of coffee intake in a day.

Pros of eating coffee beans:

There are numerous benefits of consuming coffee beans. Coffee beans are a great source of antioxidants and it is packed with chlorogenic acid, which is the family of polyphenols.

With the help of coffee beans, muscle soreness is reduced by more than 50% after exercise.  People who consume both coffee beans and carbohydrates after exercise as a result of this, muscle glycogen increased by about 66% as compared to people who consumed only carbohydrates.

By blocking the specific gene responsible for chronic inflammation, It helps in reducing chronic inflammation. Coffee beans also store excess fat in a body which can destroy blood vessels. Therefore, people who are diagnosed with high blood pressure should not consume coffee beans in large amounts.

Cons of eating coffee beans:

Eating caffeinated coffee beans will result in sleep disturbance several hours after consuming. The sleep disturbance is directly proportional to how many beans are consumed or how regularly a person consumes coffee.

Coffee beans contain such enzymes that can help in stimulating bowel contraction. It may act as a  fast-acting laxative for a certain number of people. Caffeine has a drastic impact on the brain and central nervous system as it inhibits the hormones adenosine which result in drowsiness and tiredness in a human body.

Coffee beans also consist of many substances. For example, caffeine and catechins. These substances are commonly known to stimulate the production of stomach acid.

Drinking coffee can lead to increased production of low-density lipoproteins. This protein is present in coffee beans due to two compounds, Cafestol and Kahweol. The negative impact of these compounds is that it is present in 10-40 times more in coffee beans than brewed coffee.

The nutritional profile of coffee beans:

The nutritional profile of coffee beans consists of the following substances:

●            Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)Pantothenic acid

●            Potassium

●            Magnesium

●            Niacin

How are coffee beans made?

The making of coffee beans consist of the following steps:

Planting:

Planting takes place during the wet season. The reason why it happens in a wet season is because during that time the soil remains moist and the roots become firmly established. When the seeds are dried, roasted, and ground, it is  used to brew coffee.

Harvesting the cherries:

Depending upon the variety of cherries, the coffee tree takes approximately 3 to 4 years to bear coffee cherry. When it is ripe, it is in bright deep red color and ready to be harvested.

Processing the cherries: 

Coffee beans are generally processed by two methods: Dry and Wet methods.The dry method steps include spreading out cherries to dry in the sun. Whereas, The wet  method is helpful to remove the pulp from the coffee cherry. Therefore, the bean is  dried with the skin is left on.

 Drying the beans:

The storage criteria for the pulp and fermented beans is that they must be dried to approximately 11% moisture.

 Milling the beans:

 Milling consist of Hulling, Polishing, Grading, and Sorting.

Tasting the coffee:

 Coffee beans are tested for quality and taste.

Roasting the coffee 

Roasting changes the green coffee into aromatic brown beans.

Grinding and brewing the coffee: 

The last two steps involve grinding and brewing of the coffee and at this stage it is finally ready for consumption.

Conclusion:

In this short article we have provided an answer to the question: Are coffee beans edible? With an in-depth analysis of coffee beans such as how many coffee beans are to be consumed, Pros and cons of eating coffee beans, How coffee beans are made, and nutritional profile.

References:

https://enjoyjava.com/can-you-eat-coffee-beans/ https://www.ncausa.org/about-coffee/10-steps-from-seed-to-cup https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/eating-coffee-beans#safety 

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.