Are blueberries berries?

In this brief guide, we will answer, “are blueberries berries?” and discuss what makes a fruit “berry”, what are lowbush and highbush blueberries, are blueberries blue,  why you should eat blueberries and who should avoid them. We will also give you 5 quick tips on how you can incorporate blueberries in your meal choices.

Are blueberries berries?

Yes, blueberries are true berries. They have several tiny seeds and they develop from a flower that has only a single ovary.  So, they truly are berries.

Blueberries belong to the genus Vaccinium that also includes cranberries, bilberries (or European berries), huckleberries, and Madeira blueberries.

What makes a fruit “berry”?

Well, in order to be a berry, a fruit should have two or several seeds and it must develop from a flower having a single ovary.

Berry is actually a small mushy fruit that is developed from the single ovary of a discrete flower and has many tiny seeds embedded inside its pulp.

Sometimes, the botanical definition of a berry differs from its common usage. So, we can divide some fruits into 3 categories according to both terminologies:

  1. Fruits that are berries by both definitions. For example, blueberries, cranberries lingonberries, wolfberries, gooseberries or elderberries
  1. Fruits that are botanically berries but not commonly known, e.g., bananas, eggplants, tomatoes, grapes, watermelons, pumpkins or persimmons
  1. Fruits that are botanically not berries but people call them berries, e.g., raspberries, blackberries, strawberries, juniper berries or yew berries

What are lowbush and highbush blueberries?

Blueberry is a woody shrub whose branches are present mostly above the ground or they lie upon each other. Lowbush blueberries are wild, small, pea-sized berries which grow on low-level bushes.

While highbush blueberries are cultivated and larger berries that grow on taller bushes.

Leading producers of both lowbush and highbush blueberries are Canada and USA respectively.

Are blueberries blue?

Yes, blueberries are blue. 

Blueberry plants develop fruits that are initially green but later turn into purple and finally blue when ripen. 

Why should you eat blueberries?

Blueberries are the sweetest, healthiest and nutritious fruits that can be a part of many snacks in your daily routine. 

They are low in calories but high in Vit C, Vit K and dietary fibers, and about 85% of them is water. One cup (or 148 grams) of blueberries give you:

  • 0 g  cholesterol
  • 84 calories
  • 3.6 g fibers
  • 21.4 g carbs
  • 0.4 g fats
  • 1.1 g proteins
  • 5% daily value (DV) of Vit B6
  • 24% DV of Vit C
  • 22 % DV of manganese
  • 36% DV of Vit K

Blueberries also provide calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, folate, copper, Vit A, E, and Vit B complexes. They are aso an enriched source of antioxidants. 

You should eat blueberries because they:

  • Help you to protect against cancer and aging- as they reduce DNA damage because of their highest antioxidant levels among all other popular fruits
  • Prevent the risk of heart diseases by lowering blood pressure and reducing oxidative damage to LDL (or bad cholesterol)
  • Improve your memory, slower the rate of cognitive decline and maintain your brain functions properly.
  • Lower the risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome by improving insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism
  • Help you to prevent urinary tract infections (UTI’s) because of their anti-adhesive substances that prevent bacteria like E.coli from binding to the wall of your bladder
  • Fasten the recovery of your sore or inflamed muscles after an exhausting exercise
  • Strengthen your bones, and also make your skin healthy
  • Also help to prevent constipation and maintain healthy digestive system due to their dietary fibers

Who should not eat blueberries?

Those persons should avoid eating blueberries who take medicines, such as warfarin, which cause thinning of the blood.  Because blood clotting properties of Vit K in blueberries can interfere with drug actions. 

5 tips to incorporate blueberries in your daily meal choices:

  1. To add extra flavor along with some nutrition in your breakfast, add fresh blueberries in your cereal, oatmeal, pancakes, yogurt or waffles.
  1. Make a refreshing blueberry smoothie using frozen blueberries, low-fat milk and some yogurt.
  1. Mix blueberries in your salads (either dried or fresh).
  1. Make blueberry syrup by blending them with some water and use it as a topping.
  1. Make your muffins and sweet breads by mixing some blueberries in them.

Other FAQs about Blueberries that you may be interested in.

What is the best way to clean blueberries?

Can rats eat blueberries?

How long do blueberries last in the fridge?

Conclusion

In this brief guide, we answered the question, “are blueberries berries?” and discussed what makes a fruit “berry”. You now have knowledge about what are lowbush and highbush blueberries, why you should eat blueberries and who needs to avoid them. We also gave you 5 quick tips on how you can include blueberries in your meal choices.

References

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blueberry
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berry
  3. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-proven-benefits-of-blueberries 
  4. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/287710 

Hi, I am Charlotte, I love cooking and in my previous life, I was a chef. I bring some of my experience to the recipes on this hub and answer your food questions.